As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 10, 2022

Registration No. 333-262003

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

____________________________

Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to
FORM S-1
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

____________________________

The Greenrose Holding Company Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

____________________________

Delaware

 

2833

 

84-2845696

(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

111 Broadway
Amityville, NY 11701
(516) 346-5270
(Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Registrant’s Principal Executive Offices)

____________________________

William F. Harley III, Chief Executive Officer
111 Broadway
Amityville, NY 11701
(516) 346-5270
(Name, Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Agent for Service)

____________________________

Copies to:

Guy Molinari, Esq.
Tarter Krinsky & Drogin LLP
1350 Broadway
New York, New York 10018
(212) 216
-8000

____________________________

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this Registration Statement.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933 check the following box.

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

 

Accelerated filer

 

   

Non-accelerated filer

 

 

Smaller reporting company

 

           

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.

The registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

Table of Contents

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The Greenrose Holding Company Inc., a Delaware corporation, filed a Registration Statement on Form S-1 February 7, 2022, which was declared effective on February 9, 2022, (as amended, the “Registration Statement”). This Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 (the “Post-Effective Amendment”) is being filed in order to update disclosures in the Registration Statement and include the financial statements for the registrant reflecting the filing by The Greenrose Holding Company Inc. of its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 on April 15, 2022, as amended on Form 10-K/A on April 25, 2022 and of its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022 on May 16, 2022, and to make certain other updates.

 

Table of Contents

The Greenrose Holding Company Inc.

Up to 29,716,728 Shares of Common Stock

(including 17,910,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of Warrants)
Up to 660,000 Warrants Exercisable for Common Stock

____________________________

This prospectus relates to the resale from time to time of (i) 17,910,000 shares of our common stock, $0.0001 par value per share (our “common stock”), issuable upon exercise of warrants to purchase Common Stock; (ii) 5,000,000 shares of common stock held by the former equity holders of Theraplant, LLC (“Theraplant”) in connection with the Theraplant Merger (defined below); (iii) 2,266,350 shares of our common stock held or that will be held by our sponsor, Greenrose Associates LLC (our “Sponsor”); (iv) 4,430,378 shares of our common stock issued to True Harvest, LLC in connection the True Harvest Acquisition (defined below); (v) 88,000 shares of our common stock and 528,000 private warrants (the “private warrants”, which upon any sale will become public warrants) held by Imperial Capital, LLC, the representative of the underwriters in our initial public offering (“Imperial”); and (vi) 22,000 shares of our common stock and 132,000 Private warrants held by I-Bankers Securities, Inc, an underwriter in our initial public offering (“I-Bankers” and, together with Theraplant, our Sponsor and Imperial, the “Selling Stockholders”).

We are not selling any securities under this prospectus and will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of our common stock by the Selling Stockholders, except with respect to amounts received by us upon exercise of the Warrants.

The Selling Stockholders may sell the shares of common stock and private warrants, as applicable, included in this prospectus in a number of different ways and at varying prices. We provide more information about how the Selling Stockholders may sell the shares in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.” Each of the Selling Stockholders is an “underwriter” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(11) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).

The Selling Stockholders will pay all brokerage fees and commissions and similar expenses in connection with the offer and sale of the shares by the Selling Stockholders pursuant to this prospectus. We will pay the expenses (except brokerage fees and commissions and similar expenses) incurred in registering under the Securities Act the offer and sale of the shares included in this prospectus by the Selling Stockholders. See “Plan of Distribution.”

Our common stock and our public warrants (our “Public Warrants) are traded on The Over The Counter “OTCQX” Market and OTCQB Market under the symbols “GNRS” and “GNRS.W,” respectively. On June 9, 2022, the closing price of our common stock was $2.30 per share and the closing price of our Public Warrants was $0.178 per warrant.

We are an “emerging growth company” under applicable federal securities laws and will be subject to reduced public company reporting requirements.

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6 of this prospectus for a discussion of information that should be considered in connection with an investment in our securities.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

____________________________

The date of this prospectus is June 10, 2022

 

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

 

ii

About this Prospectus

 

iv

Prospectus Summary

 

1

Recent Developments

 

4

Risk Factors

 

6

The Theraplant Acquisition

 

37

The True Harvest Acquisition

 

38

The Greenrose Associates Transactions

 

39

The Imperial and I-Banking Transactions

 

40

Use of Proceeds

 

41

Determination of Offering Price

 

42

Market Information for Common Stock and Dividend Policy

 

43

Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information

 

44

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of
Greenrose for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

 

52

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of
Greenrose for the year ended December 31, 2021 and 2020

 

67

Description of the Business

 

82

Management

 

88

Executive Compensation

 

93

Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions

 

95

Principal Stockholders

 

100

Selling Stockholders

 

102

Description of Securities

 

103

Plan of Distribution

 

108

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations

 

110

Legal Matters

 

116

Experts

 

116

Where You Can Find Additional Information

 

116

Index to Financial Statements

 

F-1

We are responsible for the information contained in this prospectus, other than information relating to specified Selling Stockholders. We have not authorized anyone to provide any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus. We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. This prospectus is an offer to sell only the securities offered hereby, but only under circumstances and in jurisdictions where it is lawful to do so. The information contained in this prospectus is current only as of its date.

i

Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

The statements contained in this prospectus that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our or our management’s expectations, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future. In addition, any statements that refer to projections, forecasts or other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including any underlying assumptions, are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intends,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “would” and similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking.

These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of the assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws. Factors that may cause such differences include, but are not limited to:

•        our success in retaining or recruiting, or changes required in, our officers, key employees or directors;

•        our officers and directors allocating their time to other businesses and potentially having conflicts of interest with our business, as a result of which they would then receive expense reimbursements;

•        our ability to continue as a going concern, which requires us to manage costs and obtain significant additional funding and our ability to raise such funding on a reasonable timeline and with suitable terms;

•        our potential ability to obtain additional financing to complete future business combinations;

•        the cost and other impacts of litigation, regulatory proceedings, investigations, complaints, product liability claims and/or adverse publicity, which may have a material adverse effect, whether or not successful or valid, on our business prospects and ability to obtain financing;

•        risks related to our limited operating history, the rollout of our business and the timing of expected business milestones, including our ability to complete the expansion of the facilities, to continue and establish appropriate supplier relationships, to successfully complete planned actions in accordance with our projected timeline;

•        our ability to obtain binding purchase orders and build customer relationships, including uncertainties as to whether and to what degree we are able to secure pre-orders in the recreational market and convert any indications of interest in our products into binding orders and ultimately sales;

•        our ability to deliver on the expectations of customers with respect to the pricing, quality, safety and efficiency of our products and reliability of our services;

•        the effects of competition on our ability to market and sell our products;

•        our pool of prospective target businesses;

•        the ability of our officers and directors to generate a number of potential investment opportunities;

•        potential changes in control of Greenrose if we acquire one or more target businesses for stock;

•        our public securities’ potential liquidity and trading;

•        the limited market for our securities;

•        our expectations regarding the time during which we will be an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act;

•        our ability to obtain required regulatory approvals, changes in federal and state laws, and legal and regulatory requirements with respect to the cannabis industry;

ii

Table of Contents

•        the impact of health epidemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, on our business, the other risks we face and the actions we may take in response thereto;

•        the possibility that we may be adversely affected by other economic, business and/or competitive factors;

•        cybersecurity threats and compliance with privacy and data protection laws;

•        our ability to execute our business plan, including market acceptance of our planned products;

•        failure to timely implement and maintain adequate financial, information technology and management processes and controls and procedures; or

•        our financial performance;

The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on us. There can be no assurance that future developments affecting us will be those that we have anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those factors described under the heading “Risk Factors.”

iii

Table of Contents

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-1 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The Selling Stockholders may, from time to time, sell the securities described in this prospectus.

You should rely only on the information provided in this prospectus, as well as the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders have authorized anyone to provide you with different information. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders have authorized anyone to provide you with any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus, or any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectuses prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders take responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement is accurate as of any date other than the date of the applicable document. Since the date of this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders will make an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

We may also provide a prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement to add information to, or update or change information contained in, this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement together with the additional information to which we refer you in the section of this prospectus entitled “Where You Can Find More Information.”

On November 26, 2021, Greenrose Acquisition Corp. consummated its previously announced business combination of Theraplant, LLC, a Connecticut limited liability company (“Theraplant”) pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated March 12, 2021 (as amended pursuant to that certain Amendment No. 1, dated as of August 10, 2021, to the Agreement and Plan of Merger (“Amendment No. 1”), and that certain Amendment No. 2, dated as of November 26, 2021, to the Agreement and Plan of Merger (“Amendment No. 2”), collectively, the “Theraplant Merger Agreement”), pursuant to which GNRS CT Merger Sub, a Connecticut limited liability company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Greenrose (“TPT Merger Sub”) was merged with and into Theraplant (the “Theraplant Merger” or the “Business Combination”), with Theraplant surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Greenrose.

On December 31, 2021, Greenrose and True Harvest Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“TH Buyer”), and True Harvest, LLC, an Arizona limited liability company (“True Harvest”), consummated the acquisition of substantially all of True Harvest’s assets and the assumption of certain of True Harvest’s liabilities (the “True Harvest Acquisition”), pursuant to that certain Asset Purchase Agreement dated March 12, 2021, as amended by that Amendment No. 1 to the Asset Purchase Agreement dated July 2, 2021, that certain Amendment No. 2 to the Asset Purchase Agreement dated October 28, 2021, and that certain Amendment No. 3 to the Asset Purchase Agreement dated December 31, 2021 (as amended the “Asset Purchase Agreement”).

In connection with the closing of the Theraplant Merger (the “Closing”), Greenrose Acquisition Corp. changed its name to The Greenrose Holding Company Inc. Unless the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” “our,” “Greenrose,” “Registrant” and the “Company” refer to The Greenrose Holding Company Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries.

This prospectus contains our registered and unregistered trademarks and service marks, as well as trademarks and service marks of third parties. Solely for convenience, these trademarks and service marks are referenced without the®, ™ or similar symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights to these trademarks and service marks. All brand names, trademarks and service marks appearing in this prospectus are the property of their respective holders.

TRADEMARKS

This prospectus contains references to trademarks and service marks belonging to other entities. Solely for convenience, trademarks and trade names referred to in this prospectus may appear without the ® or symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that the applicable licensor will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, its rights to these trademarks and trade names. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names, trademarks or service marks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies.

iv

Table of Contents

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

This summary highlights the more detailed information appearing elsewhere in this prospectus. Because it is a summary, it may not contain all of the information that you should consider in making an investment decision. You should read this entire prospectus carefully, including the information under “Risk Factors” and our financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus, before investing. References in this prospectus to “we,” “us,” “Greenrose,” “our Company” or the “Company” refer to The Greenrose Holding Company Inc. References in this prospectus to our “public shares” are to shares of our Common Stock and references to “public stockholders” refer to the holders of our public shares of Common Stock, including our Sponsor (as defined below), officers and directors to the extent they purchase public shares, provided that their status as “public stockholders” shall only exist with respect to such public shares. References in this prospectus to our “management” or our “management team” refer to our officers and directors, references to our “Sponsor” refer to Greenrose Associates LLC, a company founded by William Harley III, our Chief Executive Officer and Director, Daniel Harley, our Executive Vice-President and Director and Brendan Sheehan, our Director. The term “equity-linked securities” refers to any debt or equity securities issued in a transaction, including but not limited to a private placement of equity or debt, that are convertible, exercisable or exchangeable for shares of common stock.

The Greenrose Holding Company Inc.

Greenrose is focused on providing access to quality cannabis and cannabinoid-based products at competitive pricing through state-of-the-art customer engagement channels, in store, online and at home. The Greenrose team believes that a “cultivation led” vertically integrated approach will bring enhanced operating performance to our shareholders while also bringing the best value to consumers. Our initial operational strategy revolves around five primary areas of focus: (1) cultivation & genetics; (2) retail & distribution; (3) manufacturing & processing; (4) wholesale; and (5) proprietary data and insights. While we focus on these five areas, we have determined that we have just one reportable business segment: the production and sale of cannabis products.

Greenrose has developed an operating model that will govern its businesses with a team of functional experts at the corporate level that support local operators in execution of their vertically integrated businesses. This will include cultivation expertise to leverage best practices in phenotyping and strain development. The focus will be on indoor, growth methodology and technology deployment, with state-of-the-art control and monitoring systems. Additionally, Greenrose will continue to elevate retail knowledge and customer experience to reinforce brand and product adoption.

Consistently selecting and growing high-quality cannabis is one of the most important aspects of our business. The business needs to start with high quality, high yielding inputs to drive the best end results. In general, cannabis cultivation takes place in three settings: indoor, outdoor and in greenhouses. While it is cost effective to grow cannabis outdoors, it is also hard to control pest infestations without the use of significant amounts of pesticides, and it is subject to other risks such as severe weather, diseases and mold. As a result, cannabis grown outdoors is in general significantly lower in quality than cannabis grown indoors or in greenhouses. Our current focus is growing the highest quality medicinal cannabis. We therefore currently grow all of our cannabis in an indoor facility, which allows us to grow under ideal climate controls and manage key variables to deliver optimal yielding plants. New strain development and phenotyping operations are in place across our platform, enabling Greenrose companies to identify the differentiated offerings to drive downstream production and consumer offerings. Our cultivation teams will leverage retail and market data to identify future trends that need to be supported back up the value chain. We will invest regularly to maintain, and where possible, to expand our high performing facilities, leveraging growth techniques and technology across our platform.

Background

Our company originally was incorporated as a blank check company on August 26, 2019 and was known as Greenrose Acquisition Corp, a Delaware corporation formed for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or similar business combinations with one or more businesses or entities. On November 26, 2021, Greenrose consummated its previously announced business combination of Theraplant pursuant to the Theraplant Merger Agreement, pursuant to which GNRS CT Merger Sub, a Connecticut limited liability company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Greenrose (“TPT Merger Sub”) was merged with and into Theraplant (the “Theraplant Merger” or the “Business Combination”), with Theraplant surviving the Theraplant Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Greenrose.

1

Table of Contents

On December 31, 2021, Greenrose and True Harvest Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“TH Buyer”), and True Harvest, LLC, an Arizona limited liability company (“True Harvest”), consummated the acquisition of substantially all of True Harvest’s assets and the assumption of certain of True Harvest’s liabilities (the “True Harvest Acquisition”), pursuant to the True Harvest Asset Purchase Agreement.

At the special meeting of the Greenrose shareholders held on October 27, 2021 (the “Special Meeting”), the Greenrose shareholders considered, approved and adopted, among other matters, the Theraplant Merger, the True Harvest Acquisition, as well as the change of our corporate name.

Our Sponsor

Our Sponsor, Greenrose Associates LLC, a New York limited liability company, was established by William “Mickey” Harley, Daniel Harley and Brendan Sheehan in 2018 to investigate and assess the cannabis marketplace in the United States and potential acquisition opportunities for investment. The team recognized the opportunity for building a platform with vertically integrated businesses that also possessed differentiated cultivation talent. Mickey Harley’s background in agriculture, namely farming pecans and blueberries, offered a window into the importance of critical cultivation skills that not only understood how to grow the best quality plants, but also how to maximize yields and manage operating costs to deliver the best price to output.

Corporate Information

The mailing address of our principal executive office is 111 Broadway, Amityville, NY 11701. Our telephone number is (516) 346-5270. Our website address is www.greenroseholdings.com. The content on our website is not incorporated into this registration statement. Our common stock and public warrants are currently traded on the OTCQX and OTCQB under the symbols “GNRS” and “GNRS.W,” respectively.

Emerging Growth Company

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and we take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), exemptions from or delays in being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. See “Risk Factors — Greenrose is an emerging growth company and a smaller reporting company and, as a result of the reduced disclosure and governance requirements applicable to emerging growth companies and smaller reporting companies, our common stock may be less attractive to investors.”

2

Table of Contents

Securities Offered

Shares of Common Stock and Warrants Offered by the Selling Stockholders

 


(i) 17,910,000 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants to purchase common stock; (ii) 5,000,000 shares of our common stock issued to the former equity holders of Theraplant. (iii) 2,266,350 shares of our common stock held or that will be held by our Sponsor; (iv) 4,430,378 shares of our common stock issued to True Harvest, LLC in connection the True Harvest Acquisition; (v) 88,000 shares of our common stock and 528,000 private warrants held by Imperial; and (vi) 22,000 shares of our common stock and 132,000 Private warrants held by I-Bankers Securities, Inc.

Shares of Common Stock Outstanding
Prior to this Offering

 


17,649,561 shares of common stock as of June 7, 2022, including 685,289 shares of Common Stock issued to our Sponsor in connection with the cancellation of certain indebtedness.

Shares of Common Stock Outstanding
After this Offering

 


17,649,561 shares of common stock.

Warrants offered by the Selling Stockholders

 

660,000 private placement warrants exercisable at $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment as described herein. Upon any sale of private warrants, buyers will receive public warrants with the same terms as the Company’s existing public warrants.

Use of Proceeds

 

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of common stock included in this prospectus by the Selling Stockholders. Any proceeds that we receive upon conversion of any warrants will be used for working capital and general corporate purposes. See “Use of Proceeds.”

Market for Common Stock

 

Our common stock and public warrants are currently traded on the OTCQX and OTCQB Markets under the symbols “GNRS” and “GNRS.W,” respectively.

Risk Factors

 

See “Risk Factors” and other information included in this prospectus for a discussion of factors you should consider before investing in our securities.

3

Table of Contents

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

Going Concern

In the accompanying consolidated financial statements for the period ended December 31, 2021, as filed on the form 10-K, we have projected negative cash flows until recreational cannabis is sold legally within the state of Connecticut. Based on the current debt and interest obligations coupled with a working capital deficit at March 31, 2022 of $108,537 thousand, we do not currently have sufficient cash on hand and available liquidity to meet our obligations through the twelve months following the date the consolidated financial statements are issued. Management believes it is taking all prudent actions to address the substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, but we cannot assert that it is probable that our plans will fully mitigate the liquidity challenges we face. Management believes it is taking all prudent actions to address the substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, but we cannot assert that it is probable that our plans will fully mitigate the liquidity challenges we face. Therefore, this condition raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

Management continues to evaluate different strategies to obtain the required funding of future operations. These strategies may include, but are not limited to additional amendments to or waivers of default, additional funding from current or new investors, reduction in expenses, and operational and revenue improvement. We are currently in active discussions with the lenders under our credit agreements (including certain of our related parties) for additional financing, a waiver of our compliance with covenants in and events of default under the credit agreements; however, if we are unable to raise additional funding to meet working capital needs, we will be forced to delay or reduce the scope of operations and/or limit or cease operations. The negative cash flows and lack of financial resources raise substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern, and that substantial doubt has not currently been alleviated through management’s plan.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis that contemplates the realization of assets and discharge of liabilities in their normal course of business. There is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for one year after the date that the consolidated financial statements are issued. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary from the outcome of this uncertainty.

YA II PN, Ltd Agreements

On March 14, 2022, the Company issued an aggregate of 753,165 unregistered shares common stock to YA II PN, Ltd in connection with the October 21, 2021 execution of a Non-Redemption Agreement in the amount of 500,000 shares and a related Standby Equity Purchase Agreement (collectively, the “YA II PN, Ltd Agreements”) in the amount of 253,165 shares. The Company previously disclosed the execution of the YA II PN, Ltd Agreements on the Form 8-K filed with the US Securities and Exchange Commission on October 21, 2021.

Board Members Services Shares

On March 15, 2022, the Company issued an aggregate of 73,700 unregistered common shares to certain board members as consideration for services performed as members of the board of directors.

Acorn Shares

On March 16, 2022, the Company issued an aggregate of 11,905 unregistered common shares to Acorn Management Partners, LLC (“Acorn”) in exchange for marketing services. This agreement requires an issuance of $50 thousand worth of stock and $10 thousand per month for a period of six months with the ability to extend for three month periods for an additional $25 thousand of restricted stock and $10 thousand per month.

The shares indicated above were issued in accordance with an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”) under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

4

Table of Contents

Imperial

On April 13, 2022, Greenrose entered into an amended engagement letter with Imperial, whereby the Company has engaged Imperial to serve and act as non-exclusive merger and acquisition advisor in connection with potential (i) mergers or stock or asset acquisitions or (ii) sales or other dispositions of business or assets of the Company involving one or more businesses engaged in the medical and/or adult-use recreational cannabis business. The Company had previously entered into engagement letters with Imperial on October 7, 2019 and January 14, 2020. As compensation for its services, the Company will pay Imperial a retainer of shares of common stock of the Company equivalent to $250,000 (as determined by the five consecutive trading day volumed weighted average price of the Company’s common stock as of the date of execution of this Engagement Letter); plus (ii) a quarterly fee payable in shares of common stock of the Company equivalent to $75,000 per quarter (as determined by the five consecutive trading day volumed weighted average price of the Company’s common stock as of first day of each quarter), such amount to increase to an equivalent of $150,000 per quarter following the sixth consecutive calendar month after execution of the Engagement Letter and continuing for the term of the Engagement Letter. On June 7, 2022, the company issued $250,000 equivalent in shares of 63,412 shares of common stock to Imperial, which is based on the five consecutive trading day volumed weighted average price of the Company’s common stock as of the date of execution of this Engagement Letter.

Simultaneously with the entry of the Engagement Letter, Greenrose issued a non-interest bearing promissory note in the face amount of $10,500,000 and maturing October 15, 2023 (the “Note”) to Imperial. All fees earned and paid to Imperial by the Company under the Engagement Letter shall reduce the principal amount owed and payable to Imperial. The shares of common stock issued in connection with the retainer will be unregistered shares issued in a private placement exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and be subject to periodic registration rights.

Departure of Directors or Certain Officers

On May 26, 2022, Greenrose eliminated the position of President in connection with a reorganization that re-allocated resources. Accordingly, Paul Wimer, the Company’s President, ceased acting in this capacity for the Company, effective May 26, 2022. The Company and Mr. Wimer are currently exploring potential other roles with the Company to use and deploy Mr. Wimer’s skill set and expertise.

The Company’s elimination of the role of President and Mr. Wimer’s migration from this role is not related to the operations, policies or practices of the Company or any issues regarding the Company’s accounting policies or practices.

On June 7, 2022, Thomas Megale, Independent Director, resigned as a member of the board of directors. Mr. Megale’s resignation did not result from a disagreement with the Company or the board of directors.

5

Table of Contents

RISK FACTORS

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below before making an investment decision. Our business, prospects, financial condition, or operating results could be harmed by any of these risks, as well as other risks not known to us or that we consider immaterial as of the date of this prospectus. This prospectus also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements as a result of specific factors, including the risks described below. The trading price of our securities could decline due to any of these risks, and, as a result, you may lose all or part of your investment.

Summary of Risk Factors

This summary only highlights the more detailed information appearing elsewhere in this prospectus. As this is a summary, it does not contain all of the information that you should consider in making an investment decision. You should read this entire prospectus carefully, including the information under “Risk Factors” and our financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus, before investing.

•        Cannabis is illegal under federal law; strict enforcement of laws would adversely affect our business plans.

•        We may be subject to action by the U.S. federal government.

•        Cannabis businesses are subject to inconsistent federal and state laws and regulations.

•        State regulation of cannabis is uncertain and we may face limitations on ownership of cannabis licenses.

•        We may become subject to Food and Drug Administration or Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives regulation.

•        The impact of global, regional or local economic and market conditions, COVID-19, and rising inflation may adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

•        There is a climate change risk to our operations from natural disasters and extreme weather conditions.

•        We may be adversely impacted by rising or volatile energy costs.

•        Natural disasters and other events beyond our control could harm our business.

•        We have identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, for which we may face litigation and other risks.

•        Our accounting firm’s report expresses substantial doubt about our continuing as a “going concern.”

•        Failure to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting could have a material adverse effect.

•        Greenrose is an emerging growth company and a smaller reporting company subject to the reduced disclosure and governance requirements, therefore our common stock may be less attractive to investors.

•        We are dependent on our banking relations, and we may have difficulty accessing or consistently maintaining banking or other financial services due to our connection with the cannabis industry.

•        There may be adverse tax consequences to the Theraplant Merger or the True Harvest Acquisition.

•        We will need to expand and may experience difficulties in recruiting, which could disrupt operations.

•        We have limited trademark protection.

•        We face risks with our information technology systems, and potential cyber-attacks and security breaches.

•        We may have difficulty using bankruptcy courts due to our involvement in the regulated cannabis industry.

•        We may continue to be subject to constraints on marketing our products.

•        Cannabis businesses are subject to unfavorable U.S. tax treatment.

6

Table of Contents

•        Cannabis businesses may be subject to civil asset forfeiture.

•        Participation in the cannabis industry may cause difficulty obtaining insurances for our business.

•        We may face difficulties in enforcing our contracts.

•        Cannabis businesses are subject to applicable anti-money laundering laws and regulations and have restricted access to banking and other financial services, posing difficulties acquiring additional financing.

•        We operate in a highly regulated sector and may not always succeed in complying fully with applicable regulatory requirements in all jurisdictions where we carry on business.

•        We face exposure to fraudulent or illegal activity, and security risks.

•        Our business is subject to the risks inherent in agricultural operations.

•        We face an inherent risk of product liability and similar claims.

•        Theraplant management have interests in competing businesses that may create a conflict of interest.

•        Our ability to successfully operate the business will be largely dependent upon the efforts of certain key personnel of Theraplant; the loss of which could negatively impact our operations and financial results.

•        Greenrose’s Board did not obtain a fairness opinion in determining whether to proceed with the True Harvest Acquisition.

•        Theraplant and True Harvest are located in different jurisdictions, and we may find it difficult integrating each into the Company.

•        True Harvest has previously been subject to litigation.

•        An active trading market for our common stock and warrants may never develop or be sustained, which would adversely affect the liquidity and price of our securities.

•        The sponsor can earn a positive rate of return on its investment, even if other shareholders experience a negative rate of return in the post- business-combination company.

•        Greenrose may be required to take write-downs or write-offs, restructuring and impairment or other charges that could have a significant negative effect on Greenrose’s financial condition, results of operations and the stock price, which could cause you to lose some or all of your investment.

•        Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides, subject to limited exceptions, that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain stockholder litigation matters, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or stockholders.

•        The future sales of shares by existing stockholders and future exercise of registration rights may adversely affect the market price of the Company’s common stock.

•        We may not be able to timely and effectively implement controls and procedures required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 applicable to us after the completion of a business combination.

•        A market for our securities may not continue, which would adversely affect their liquidity and price.

•        We may be subject to securities litigation, which is expensive and could divert management attention.

•        Our internal control over financial reporting may not be effective and our independent registered public accounting firm may not be able to certify as to their effectiveness, which could have a significant and adverse effect on our business and reputation.

7

Table of Contents

Regulatory Risks Associated with our Business and Industry

Cannabis remains illegal under federal law, and therefore, strict enforcement of federal laws regarding cannabis could prevent us from executing our business plan.

Cannabis remains illegal under federal law, and therefore, strict enforcement of federal laws regarding cannabis could prevent us from executing our business plan.

Cannabis is a Schedule I controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (“CSA”). Even in those jurisdictions in which the manufacture and use of cannabis has been legalized at the state level, the possession, use and cultivation all remain violations of federal law that are punishable by imprisonment and substantial fines. Moreover, individuals and entities may violate federal law if they intentionally aid and abet another in violating these federal controlled substance laws, or conspire with another to violate them. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled in United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers’ Coop. (2001) and Gonzales v. Raich (2005) that it is the federal government that has the right to regulate and criminalize cannabis, even for medical purposes.

On January 4, 2018, then U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions issued a memorandum for all U.S. Attorneys (the “Sessions Memo”) rescinding certain past DOJ memoranda on cannabis law enforcement, including the Memorandum by former Deputy Attorney General James Michael Cole (the “Cole Memo”) issued on August 29, 2013, under the Obama administration. Describing the criminal enforcement of federal cannabis prohibitions against those complying with state cannabis regulatory systems as an inefficient use of federal investigative and prosecutorial resources, the Cole Memo gave federal prosecutors discretion not to prosecute state law compliant cannabis companies in states that were regulating cannabis, unless one or more of eight federal priorities were implicated, including use of cannabis by minors, violence, or the use of federal lands for cultivation. The Sessions Memo, which remains in effect, states that each U.S. Attorney’s Office should follow established principles that govern all federal prosecutions when deciding which cannabis activities to prosecute. As a result, federal prosecutors could and still can use their prosecutorial discretion to decide to prosecute even state-legal cannabis activities. For over five years, however, the U.S. government has not prioritized the enforcement of those laws against cannabis companies complying with state law and their vendors. No reversal of that policy of prosecutorial discretion is expected under a Biden administration given his campaign’s position on cannabis, discussed further below, although prosecutions against state-legal entities cannot be ruled out. As of the date of this filing, the Biden administration and the U.S. Congress have not taken action by legislation or executive order regarding the adult-use recreational cannabis market. Although the U.S. Attorney General could issue policy guidance to federal prosecutors that they should not interfere with cannabis businesses operating in compliance with states’ laws, any such guidance would not have the force of law and could not be enforced by the courts. The President alone cannot legalize medical cannabis, and as states have demonstrated, legalizing medical cannabis can take many different forms. While rescheduling cannabis to the CSA’s Schedule II would ease certain research restrictions, it would not make the state medical or adult-use programs federally legal. Additionally, President Biden has not appointed any known proponents of cannabis legalization to the Office of National Drug Control Policy transition team. Furthermore, while industry observers are hopeful that changes in Congress, and the Biden presidency, will increase the chances of federal cannabis policy reform, such as the Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act (or MORE Act), which was originally co-sponsored by now Vice President Harris in the Senate, or banking reform, such as the SAFE Banking Act, we cannot provide assurances about the content, timing or chances of passage of a bill legalizing cannabis, particularly in the Senate. Accordingly, we cannot predict the timing of any change in federal law or possible changes in federal enforcement. In the unlikely event that the federal government were to reverse its long-standing hands-off approach to the state legal cannabis markets and start more broadly enforcing federal law regarding cannabis, we would likely be unable to execute our business plan, and our business and financial results would be adversely affected.

The basis for the federal government’s lack of recent enforcement with respect to the cannabis industry extends beyond the strong public sentiment and ongoing prosecutorial discretion. Since 2014, versions of the U.S. omnibus spending bill have included a provision prohibiting the DOJ, which includes the Drug Enforcement Administration, from using appropriated funds to prevent states from implementing their medical-use cannabis laws. In USA vs. McIntosh, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that the provision prohibits the DOJ from spending funds to prosecute individuals who engage in conduct permitted by state medical-use cannabis laws and who strictly comply with such laws. Other courts that have considered the issue have ruled similarly. Our policies do not prohibit our

8

Table of Contents

state-licensed cannabis retailers from engaging in the cannabis business for adult use that is permissible under state and local laws. Consequently, certain of our retailers currently (and may in the future) sell adult-use cannabis, if permitted by such state and local laws now or in the future, and therefore may be outside any protections extended to medical-use cannabis under the spending bill provision. This could subject our clients to greater and/or different federal legal and other risks as compared to businesses where cannabis is sold exclusively for medical use, which could in turn materially adversely affect our business.

There is currently no interstate commerce in the cannabis industry due to the federal prohibition of cannabis as a Schedule I narcotic. The relaxation of the federal laws prohibiting the sale of cannabis products across state lines will eventually lead to interstate commerce, which could have a material adverse effect on the business of the company.

We may be subject to action by the U.S. federal government through various government agencies for participation in the cannabis industry.

Since the cultivation, processing, production, distribution and sale of cannabis for any purpose, medical, or recreational use or otherwise, remain illegal under U.S. federal law, it is possible that we or third parties with which we do business and/or on which we rely may be forced to cease any such activities. The U.S. federal government, through, among others, the Department of Justice, its sub-agency the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (the “DEA”) and the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”), has the right to actively investigate, audit and shut down cannabis growing facilities, processors and retailers. The U.S. federal government may also attempt to seize our property. Any action taken by the Department of Justice, the DEA and/or the IRS to interfere with, seize or shut down our operations will have an adverse effect on our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition.

Since federal law criminalizing the use of cannabis pre-empts state laws that legalize its use, the federal government can seek to enforce criminal violations of federal law despite state laws permitting the use of cannabis. It does not appear that federal law enforcement and regulatory agencies are focusing resources on licensed marijuana related businesses that are operating in compliance with state law, although the position of the current administration is unclear with respect to efforts to reform, repeal or amend the CSA to decriminalize cannabis, or the timing of any such efforts. As the recission of the Cole Memorandum and the implementation of the Sessions Memorandum demonstrate, the Department of Justice may at any time issue additional guidance that directs federal prosecutors to devote more resources to prosecuting cannabis related businesses. In the event that the DOJ under the U.S. Attorney General aggressively pursue financiers or equity owners of cannabis-related businesses, and U.S. Attorneys follow the DOJ policies by pursuing prosecutions, we could face:

(i)     seizure of our cash and other assets used to support or derived from our cannabis subsidiaries;

(ii)    the arrest of our employees, directors, officers, managers and investors; and

(iii)   ancillary criminal violations of the Controlled Substances Act for aiding and abetting, and conspiracy to violate the Controlled Substances Act by providing financial support to cannabis companies that service or provide goods to state-licensed or permitted cultivators, processors, distributors and/or retailers of cannabis.

Despite indications that the Biden Administration may take steps to decriminalize marijuana, because Cole Memorandum was rescinded by the Sessions Memorandum, the Department of Justice or an aggressive federal prosecutor could allege that Greenrose, our Board, our executive officers and, potentially, our shareholders, “aided and abetted” violations of federal law by providing finances and services to our portfolio cannabis companies. Under these circumstances, federal prosecutors could seek to seize our assets, and to recover the “illicit profits” previously distributed to shareholders resulting from any of our financing or services. Under these circumstances, our operations would cease, shareholders may lose their entire investments and directors, officers and/or shareholders may be left to defend any criminal charges against them at their own expense and, if convicted, be sent to federal prison.

Any enforcement of current federal marijuana laws could cause significant financial damage to us and our shareholders. Further, future U.S. presidential administrations could choose to treat marijuana differently, including opting to enforce current the federal laws more aggressively.

9

Table of Contents

Violations of any federal laws and regulations could result in significant fines, penalties, administrative sanctions, convictions or settlements arising from civil proceedings conducted by either the federal government or private citizens, or criminal charges, including, but not limited to, disgorgement of profits, cessation of business activities or divestiture. These results could have a material adverse effect on us, including our reputation and ability to conduct business, our holding (directly or indirectly) of cannabis licenses in the United States, the listing of our securities on stock markets or exchanges, our financial position, operating results, profitability or liquidity or the market price of our common stock. In addition, it is difficult to estimate the time or resources that would be needed for the investigation or final resolution of any such matters because: (i) the time and resources that may be needed depend on the nature and extent of any information requested by the authorities involved, and (ii) such time or resources could be substantial.

Our business and our clients are subject to a variety of U.S. and foreign laws regarding financial transactions related to cannabis, which could subject our clients to legal claims or otherwise adversely affect our business.

We and our clients are subject to a variety of laws and regulations in the United States regarding financial transactions. Violations of the U.S. anti-money laundering (AML) laws require proceeds from enumerated criminal activity, which includes trafficking in cannabis in violation of the CSA. Financial institutions that both we and our clients rely on are subject to the Bank Secrecy Act, as amended by Title III of the USA Patriot Act. The penalties for violation of these laws include imprisonment, substantial fines and forfeiture.

In 2014, the DOJ under the Obama administration directed federal prosecutors to exercise restraint in prosecuting AML violations arising in the state legal cannabis programs and to consider the federal enforcement priorities enumerated in the Cole Memo when determining whether to charge institutions or individuals based upon cannabis-related activity. Around the same time, the Treasury Department issued guidance that clarified how financial institutions can provide services to cannabis-related businesses, consistent with financial institutions’ obligations under the Bank Secrecy Act. Then-Attorney General Sessions’ rescission of the DOJ’s guidance on the state cannabis programs in early 2018 increased uncertainty and heighted the risk that federal law enforcement authorities could seek to pursue money laundering charges against entities, or individuals, engaged in supporting the cannabis industry. On January 31, 2018, the Treasury Department issued additional guidance that the 2014 Guidance would remain in place until further notice, despite the rescission of the DOJ’s earlier guidance memoranda.

We are subject to a variety of laws and regulations in the United States and the Money Laundering Control Act (U.S.), as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines issued, administered or enforced by governmental authorities in the United States. If any of our clients’ business activities, any dividends or distributions therefrom, or any profits or revenue accruing thereby are found to be in violation of money laundering statutes, our clients could be subject to criminal liability and significant penalties and fines. Any violations of these laws, or allegations of such violations, by our clients could disrupt our operations and involve significant management distraction and expenses. As a result, a significant number of our clients facing money laundering charges could materially affect our business, operations and financial condition. Additionally, proceeds from our clients’ business activities, including payments we have received from those clients, could be subject to seizure or forfeiture if they are found to be illegal proceeds of a crime transmitted in violation of anti-money laundering laws, which could have a material adverse effect on our business. Finally, if any of our clients are found to be violating the above statutes, this could have a material adverse effect on their ability to access or maintain financial services, as discussed in detail below, which could, in turn, have a material adverse effect on our business.

State regulation of cannabis is uncertain.

Due to the conflicting views between state legislatures and the federal government regarding cannabis, cannabis businesses are subject to inconsistent laws and regulations.

There can be no assurance that the federal government will not enforce federal laws relating to cannabis and seek to prosecute cases involving cannabis businesses that are otherwise compliant with state laws in the future.

There is no guarantee that state laws legalizing and regulating the sale and use of cannabis will not be repealed or overturned, or that local governmental authorities will not limit the applicability of state laws within their respective jurisdictions. Unless and until the United States Congress amends the CSA with respect to cannabis (and as to the timing or scope of any such potential amendments there can be no assurance), there is a risk that federal authorities may enforce current U.S. federal law.

10

Table of Contents

State regulation of cannabis is uncertain.

There is no assurance that state laws legalizing and regulating the sale and use of cannabis will not be amended, repealed or overturned, or that local governmental authorities will not limit the applicability of state laws within their respective jurisdictions. Given the current regulatory environment in the United States, new risks may emerge, and management may not be able to predict all such risks. If the U.S. federal government begins to enforce U.S. federal laws relating to cannabis in states where the sale and use of cannabis is currently legal, or if existing state laws are repealed or curtailed, our business or operations in those states or under those laws would be materially and adversely affected. Federal actions against any individual or entity engaged in the cannabis industry, or a substantial repeal of cannabis related legislation could adversely affect us, our business and our assets or investments.

The rulemaking process at the state level that applies to cannabis operators in any state will be ongoing and result in frequent changes. As a result, a compliance program is essential to manage regulatory risk. All of our implemented operating policies and procedures are compliance-based and are derived from the state regulatory structure governing ancillary cannabis businesses and their relationships to state-licensed or permitted cannabis operators, if any. Notwithstanding our efforts and diligence, regulatory compliance and the process of obtaining regulatory approvals can be costly and time-consuming. No assurance can be given that we will receive or continue to hold the requisite licenses, permits or cards to operate our businesses as currently operated or as proposed to be operated in the future, or that we will be able to complete business transactions, including acquisitions or transfers of licenses, permits, cards or other property.

In addition, local laws and ordinances could restrict our business activity. Although our operations are legal under the laws of the states in which we operate, local governments have the ability to limit, restrict and ban cannabis businesses from operating within their jurisdiction. Land use, zoning, local ordinances and similar laws could be adopted or changed and have a material adverse effect on our business.

Multiple states where medical and/or adult use cannabis is legal have or are considering special taxes or fees on businesses in the cannabis industry. It is uncertain at this time whether other states are in the process of reviewing such additional taxes and fees. The implementation of special taxes or fees could have a material adverse effect upon our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition.

Following completion of the Theraplant Merger and the True Harvest Acquisition, we operate in Arizona and Connecticut and intend to operate in other states as deemed appropriate by management.

State regulatory agencies may require us to post bonds or significant fees.

There is a risk that a greater number of state regulatory agencies will begin requiring entities engaged in certain aspects of the cannabis industry to post a bond or significant fees when applying, for example, for a dispensary license or renewal as a guarantee of payment of sales and franchise taxes. We are not able to quantify at this time the potential scope of such bonds or fees in the states in which we currently operate or may in the future operate. Any bonds or fees of material amounts could have a negative impact on the ultimate success of our business.

We may face limitations on ownership of cannabis licenses.

In certain states, the cannabis laws and regulations limit not only the number of cannabis licenses issued, but also the number of cannabis licenses that one person or entity may own. Such limitations on the ownership of additional licenses within certain states may limit our ability to expand in such states. We may employ joint ventures from time to time to ensure continued compliance with the applicable regulatory guidelines. We will structure our joint ventures on a case-by-case basis but will generally try to maintain operational control over the joint venture business and a variable economic interest through the applicable governing documents.

There are risks related to the cannabis industry to which we may be subject.

We will not invest in or consummate a business combination with a target business that we determine has been operating in violation of U.S. federal laws, including the Controlled Substances Act. Nevertheless, companies with operations in the cannabis industry entail special considerations and risks. We will be subject to, and possibly adversely affected by, the following risks:

•        the cannabis industry is extremely speculative, and its legality is uncertain and constantly changing, making it subject to inherent risks;

11

Table of Contents

•        use of cannabis that is not in compliance with the Controlled Substances Act is illegal under federal law, and therefore, strict enforcement of federal laws regarding the use, cultivation, processing and/or sale of cannabis could result in our inability to execute a business plan in the cannabis industry;

•        any changes in the current policies of the Biden Administration and the Department of Justice resulting in heightened enforcement of federal cannabis laws may negatively impact our ability to pursue our prospective business operations and/or generate revenues;

•        federal courts may refuse to recognize the enforceability of contracts pertaining to any business operations that are deemed illegal under federal law and, as a result, cannabis-related contracts could prove unenforceable in such courts;

•        consumer complaints and negative publicity regarding cannabis related products and services could lead to political pressure on states to implement new laws and regulations that are adverse to the cannabis industry or to reverse current favorable laws and regulations relating to cannabis;

•        assets leased or sold to cannabis businesses may be forfeited to the federal government in connection with government enforcement actions under federal law;

•        U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulation of cannabis and the possible registration of facilities where cannabis is grown could negatively affect the cannabis industry, which could directly affect our financial condition;

•        due to our involvement in the regulated cannabis industry, we may have a difficult time obtaining the various insurance policies that are needed to operate our business, which may expose us to additional risks and financial liabilities;

•        the cannabis industry may face significant opposition from other industries that perceive cannabis products and services as competitive with their own, including but not limited to the pharmaceutical industry, adult beverage industry and tobacco industry, all of which have powerful lobbying and financial resources;

•        many national and regional banks have been resistant to doing business with cannabis companies because of the uncertainties presented by federal law and, as a result, we may have difficulty accessing the service of banks, which may inhibit our ability to open bank accounts, obtain financing in the future, or otherwise utilize traditional banking services;

•        laws and regulations affecting the regulated cannabis industry are varied, broad in scope and subject to evolving interpretations, and may restrict the use of the properties we acquire or require certain additional regulatory approvals, which could materially adversely affect our operations;

•        securities exchanges may not list companies engaged in the cannabis industry; and

•        Section 280E of the Internal Revenue Code, which disallows a tax deduction for any amount paid or incurred in carrying on any trade or business that consists of trafficking in controlled substances prohibited by federal or state law, is anticipated to prevent us from deducting certain business expenditures, which would increase our net taxable income.

Any of the foregoing could have a material and adverse impact on our operations.

We may become subject to Food and Drug Administration or Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives regulation.

Cannabis remains a Schedule I controlled substance under U.S. federal law. If the federal government reclassifies cannabis to a Schedule II controlled substance, it is possible that the Food and Drug Administration would seek to regulate cannabis under the Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act of 1938. Additionally, the Food and Drug Administration may issue rules and regulations, including good manufacturing practices, related to the growth, cultivation, harvesting, processing and labeling of medical cannabis. Clinical trials may be needed to verify the efficacy and safety of cannabis. It is also possible that the Food and Drug Administration would require facilities where medical use cannabis is grown to register with the Food and Drug Administration and comply with certain federally prescribed regulations. In the event that some or all of these regulations are imposed, the impact they would have on the cannabis industry is

12

Table of Contents

unknown, including the costs, requirements and possible prohibitions that may be enforced. If we are unable to comply with the potential regulations or registration requirements prescribed by the Food and Drug Administration, it may have an adverse effect on our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition.

It is also possible that the federal government could seek to regulate cannabis under the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives may issue rules and regulations related to the use, transporting, sale and advertising of cannabis or cannabis products, including smokeless cannabis products.

The cannabis industry is an evolving industry, and we must anticipate and respond to changes.

The cannabis industry in the United States is growing significantly, although its development and evolution cannot yet be accurately predicted. While Greenrose has attempted to identify many risks specific to the cannabis industry, you should carefully consider that there are other risks that cannot be foreseen or are not described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which could materially and adversely affect Greenrose’s business and financial performance. Greenrose’s long-term success will depend on its ability to successfully adjust its strategy to meet the changing market dynamics. If Greenrose is unable to successfully adapt to changes in the cannabis industry, Greenrose’s operations could be adversely affected.

Risks Related to Macro-Economic Conditions

The impact of global, regional or local economic and market conditions may adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our performance is subject to global economic conditions and economic conditions in one or more of our key markets, which impact spending by our clients and consumers. Many of our clients are small and medium-sized businesses that operate just a few retail locations, and their access to capital, liquidity and other financial resources is constrained due to the regulatory restrictions applicable to cannabis businesses. As a result, these clients may be disproportionately affected by economic downturns. Clients may choose to allocate their spending to items other than our platform, especially during economic downturns.

Economic conditions may also adversely impact retail sales of cannabis. Declining retail sales of cannabis could result in our clients going out of business or deciding to stop using our platform to conserve financial resources. Negative economic conditions may also affect third parties with whom we have entered into relationships and upon whom we depend in order to grow our business. Factors such as monetary policy, recession, unemployment, money supply, global disorder, terrorist activity, instability in domestic and foreign financial markets, global pandemic, and other factors beyond our control (including political, legal, and regulatory actions and policies in response to the military conflict between Russia and Ukraine), and rising inflation may reduce our customers’ disposable income. Any one of these changes could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or prospects.

Furthermore, economic downturns could also lead to limitations on our ability to obtain debt or equity financing on favorable terms or at all, reduced liquidity, decreases in the market price of our securities, decreases in the fair market value of our financial or other assets, and write-downs of and increased credit and collectability risk on our receivables, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition.

The global COVID-19 pandemic has and will continue to have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China, which has and is continuing to spread throughout the world, including the United States. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern.” On January 31, 2020, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services declared a public health emergency for the United States to aid the U.S., and on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization characterized the COVID-19 outbreak as a “pandemic.”

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted, including the spread of a number of variants of the virus, and other infectious diseases could result, in a widespread health crisis that has and could continue to adversely affect the economies and financial markets worldwide, which may delay or prevent the consummation of any of the Business

13

Table of Contents

Combinations, and the business of any of Theraplant or True Harvest or Greenrose following Closing of any of the Business Combination could be materially and adversely affected. The extent of such impact will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, among others.

The disruptions posed by COVID-19 and various variants, including most recently the omicron variant, have continued, and other matters of global concern may continue, for an extensive period of time, and if Greenrose is unable to recover from business disruptions due to COVID-19 or other matters of global concern on a timely basis, Greenrose’s financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected. Greenrose may also incur additional costs due to delays caused by COVID-19, which could adversely affect Greenrose’s financial condition and results of operations.

Climate change risk to our future operations from natural disasters and extreme weather conditions.

Climate change resulting from increased concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere could present risks to the Company’s future operations from natural disasters and extreme weather conditions, such as droughts, heat waves, hurricanes, tornadoes, wildfires or flooding. Such extreme weather conditions could pose physical risks to our facilities and disrupt operation of our supply chain and may impact operational costs. The impacts of climate change on global water resources may result in water scarcity, which could in the future impact the Company’s ability to access sufficient quantities of water in certain locations and result in increased costs. The Company is dependent upon electricity to power equipment at the indoor growing facilities. Impacts of climate change may also impact the availability of electricity at its current and future locations. In recent years, shortages of electricity have resulted in increased costs to users and interruptions in service. For example, California has experienced rolling blackouts due to excessive demands on the electrical grid or as precautionary measures against the risk of wildfire, Texas recently experienced widespread outages, rolling blackouts and electricity price spikes arising from cold weather conditions and other markets in which the Company operates can experience significant power outages from time to time. Climate change may increase the frequency of such weather-related energy security issues. In the event of a power outage or shortage, the Company will typically be dependent on the utility company and/or the site host to restore power or provide power at a reasonable cost.

Concern over climate change could result in new legal or regulatory requirements designed to mitigate the effects of climate change on the environment. If such laws or regulations are more stringent than current legal or regulatory requirements, we may experience increased compliance burdens and costs to meet the regulatory obligations and may adversely affect raw material sourcing, manufacturing operations and the distribution of our products.

We may be adversely impacted by rising or volatile energy costs.

Our cannabis growing operations consume considerable energy, which makes us vulnerable to rising energy costs. Accordingly, rising or volatile energy costs may adversely affect our business and our ability to operate profitably.

Natural disasters and other events beyond our control could harm our business.

Natural disasters or other catastrophic events, such as earthquakes, flooding, wildfires, power shortages, pandemics such as COVID-19, terrorism, political unrest, telecommunications failure, vandalism, cyberattacks, geopolitical instability, war, drought, sea level rise and other events beyond our control may cause damage or disruption to our operations, the operations of our suppliers and service providers, international commerce and the global economy, and could seriously harm our revenue and financial condition and increase our costs and expenses. The geographic location of our facilities, as well as the facilities of certain of our key suppliers and service providers, subject them to earthquake and wildfire risks. If a major earthquake, wildfire or other natural disaster were to damage our facilities or the facilities of suppliers and service providers or impact the ability of our employees or the employees of our suppliers and service providers to travel to their workplace, we may experience potential impacts ranging from production and shipping delays to lost revenues and increased costs, which could significantly harm our business. Moreover, planned widespread blackouts during the peak wildfire season, such as those instituted in October 2019 by Pacific Gas and Electric, the public electric utility in the Northern California region, to avoid and contain wildfires sparked during strong wind events by downed power lines or equipment failure particularly if prolonged or frequent, could impact our operations and the operations of our suppliers and service providers located in the region. Many of our employees and the employees of such suppliers and service providers reside in or surrounding counties and may

14

Table of Contents

be unable to travel to work for the duration of any power shut off. We do not have multiple-site capacity for all of our operations in the event of a business disruption, and our insurance may not be sufficient to cover losses or additional expense that we may sustain. Furthermore, other parties in our supply chain are similarly vulnerable to natural disasters or other sudden, unforeseen, and severe adverse events. A natural disaster or other catastrophic event in any of our major markets could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. Also, in the event of damage or interruption, our insurance policies may not adequately compensate us for any losses that we may incur.

We may encounter unknown environmental risks.

There can be no assurance that we will not encounter hazardous conditions, such as asbestos or lead, at the sites of the real estate used to operate our businesses, which may delay the development of our businesses. Upon encountering a hazardous condition, work at our facilities may be suspended. If we receive notice of a hazardous condition, we may be required to correct the condition prior to continuing construction. If additional hazardous conditions were present, it would likely delay construction and may require significant expenditure of our resources to correct the conditions. Such conditions could have a material impact on our investment returns.

Risks Related to the Company’s Operations

Risks Related to Credit Arrangements and possibility of Events of Default.

We are in technical default under certain provisions of our credit agreement with our senior lender (as amended to date, the “Credit Facility”). While no event of default has been declared nor has acceleration of indebtedness been triggered by our senior lender pursuant to the Credit Facility, the potential for such eventualities and potential cross defaults requires us to classify our long-term obligations as current liabilities. Upon the occurrence of such an event of default, if not timely cured, all amounts outstanding under our Credit Facility could be declared to be immediately due and payable. If indebtedness under our Credit Facility is accelerated, there can be no assurance that we will have sufficient assets to repay the indebtedness. The operating and financial restrictions and covenants in our Credit Facility and any future financing agreements may adversely affect our ability to finance future operations or capital needs or to engage in other business activities.

Our management is working with our lenders to negotiate waivers or possible means of curing technical defaults under the Credit Facility and to extent necessary, credit arrangements with other creditors. No assurance can be given that such efforts will be effective or timely to cure an event of default under our Credit Facility if and event of default is declared.

Our ability to comply with the covenants and restrictions contained in our Credit Facility may be affected by events beyond our control, including prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions. If market or other economic conditions deteriorate, our ability to comply with these covenants may be impaired. A breach of any of these covenants could result in other events of default under our Credit Facility.

We have identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020. If we are unable to develop and maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results in a timely manner, which may adversely affect investor confidence in us and materially and adversely affect our business and operating results.

Management and our audit committee concluded that it was appropriate to restate our previously issued audited financial statements as of and for the period ended December 31, 2021. We also restated the financial statements as of February 13, 2020; and as of and for the periods ended March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020. As part of such process, we identified a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected and corrected on a timely basis.

As described elsewhere in this report, we have identified, in light of the prior reclassification of private warrants from equity to liability, as well as the reclassification of our redeemable common stock as temporary equity, a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting relating to our accounting for complex financial instruments.

15

Table of Contents

Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. We continue to evaluate steps to remediate the material weakness. These remediation measures may be time consuming and costly and there is no assurance that these initiatives will ultimately have the intended effects.

If we identify any new material weaknesses in the future, any such newly identified material weakness could limit our ability to prevent or detect a misstatement of our accounts or disclosures that could result in a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements. In such case, we may be unable to maintain compliance with securities law requirements regarding timely filing of periodic reports in addition to applicable stock exchange listing requirements, investors may lose confidence in our financial reporting and our stock price may decline as a result. We cannot assure you that the measures we have taken to date, or any measures we may take in the future, will be sufficient to avoid potential future material weaknesses.

We may face litigation and other risks as a result of the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting.

As a result of the material weakness, referred to in the preceding risk factor, the Restatement, the change in accounting for complex financial instruments, and other matters raised or that may in the future be raised relating to any material weakness, we face potential for litigation or other disputes which may include, among others, claims invoking the federal and state securities laws, contractual claims or other claims arising from the Restatement and material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and the preparation of our financial statements. As of the date of this Registration Statement, we have no knowledge of any such potential claim, litigation or dispute. However, we can provide no assurance that such litigation or dispute will not arise in the future. Any such litigation or dispute, whether successful or not, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition or our ability to complete any future acquisition or merger transactions.

Our independent registered public accounting firm’s report contains an explanatory paragraph that expresses substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

We currently have projected negative cash flows until recreational cannabis is sold legally within the state of Connecticut. Based on the current debt and interest obligations coupled with a working capital deficit of $108,537 thousand as of March 31, 2022, we do not currently have sufficient cash on hand and available liquidity to meet our obligations through the twelve months following the date the consolidated financial statements are issued.

Management is actively looking to attain financing through debt or equity issuances, however, we cannot assure you that our plans to raise capital will be successful. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Further, the explanatory paragraph that that expresses substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, has triggered a violation of a debt covenant with one of our lenders which has caused all debt to be in default and is contained within currently liabilities. Management is looking to cure or waive these events of default but cannot guarantee that these efforts will be successful.

Greenrose will incur significant increased expenses and administrative burdens as a public company, which could have an adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations.

Greenrose will face a significant increase in insurance, legal, accounting, administrative and other costs and expenses as a public company that none of the formerly corporate or company privately-held acquisition targets that we may attempt to purchase incur as a private company. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), including the requirements of Section 404, as well as rules and regulations subsequently implemented by the SEC, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) and the rules and regulations promulgated and to be promulgated thereunder, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the SEC and the securities exchanges, impose additional reporting and other obligations on public companies. Compliance with public company requirements will increase costs and make certain activities more time-consuming. A number of those requirements will require Greenrose to carry out activities that Theraplant previously have not done. For example, Greenrose will adopt new internal controls and disclosure controls and procedures. In addition, additional expenses associated with SEC reporting requirements will be incurred. Furthermore, if any issues in complying with those requirements are identified (for example, if the auditors identify a material weakness or significant deficiency in the internal control over financial reporting), Greenrose could incur additional costs rectifying those issues, and the existence of those issues could adversely affect Greenrose’s reputation or investor perceptions of it. Being a

16

Table of Contents

public company could make it more difficult or costly for Greenrose to obtain certain types of insurance, including director and officer liability insurance, and Greenrose may be forced to accept reduced policy limits and coverage with increased self-retention risk or incur substantially higher costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. Being a public company could also make it more difficult and expensive for Greenrose to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on the Board, board committees or as executive officers. Furthermore, if Greenrose is unable to satisfy its obligations as a public company, it could be subject to delisting of its Common Stock, fines, sanctions and other regulatory action and potentially civil litigation.

The additional reporting and other obligations imposed by various rules and regulations applicable to public companies will increase legal and financial compliance costs and the costs of related legal, accounting and administrative activities. These increased costs will require Greenrose to divert a significant amount of money that could otherwise be used to expand the business and achieve strategic objectives. Advocacy efforts by shareholders and third parties may also prompt additional changes in governance and reporting requirements, which could further increase costs.

Greenrose’s management does not have significant experience managing a public company or complying with public company obligations, and fulfilling these obligations will be expensive, time consuming, and may divert management’s attention from the day-to-day operation of its business.

Greenrose’s senior management does not have significant experience managing a publicly-traded company and have limited experience complying with the increasingly complex laws pertaining to public companies. In particular, the significant regulatory oversight and reporting obligations imposed on public companies will require substantial attention from Greenrose’s senior management and may divert attention away from the day-to-day management of its after businesses, which could have a material adverse effect on Greenrose’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Similarly, corporate governance obligations, including with respect to the development and implementation of appropriate corporate governance policies, and concurrent service on the Board and possibly multiple board committees, will impose additional burdens on Greenrose’s non-executive directors.

Additionally, each of Theraplant and True Harvest have operated previously as a private company, Greenrose may be required to expend significant resources to ensure that Greenrose has sufficient systems in place to allow it to comply with its obligations as a publicly-traded company.

Failure to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting could have a material adverse effect on Greenrose’s business, operating results and stock price.

Prior to the consummation of the Theraplant Merger or the True Harvest Acquisition, neither Theraplant nor True Harvest was a publicly listed company, or an affiliate of a publicly listed company, and neither has dedicated accounting personnel and other resources to address internal control and other procedures commensurate with those of a publicly listed company. Effective internal control over financial reporting is necessary to increase the reliability of financial reports.

The standards required for a public company under Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act are significantly more stringent than those required of Theraplant and True Harvest as a privately held company. Management may not be able to effectively and timely implement controls and procedures that adequately respond to the increased regulatory compliance and reporting requirements. If Greenrose is not able to implement the additional requirements of Section 404(a) in a timely manner or with adequate compliance, it may not be able to assess whether its internal controls over financial reporting are effective, which may subject it to adverse regulatory consequences and could harm investor confidence and the market price of the Common Stock.

Neither Theraplant nor True Harvest nor their respective auditors were required to perform an evaluation of internal control over financial reporting as of or for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2020 in accordance with the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act as each of Theraplant and True Harvest were private companies. Following completion of the Business Combination, Greenrose’s independent registered public accounting firm will not be required to report on the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 until Greenrose’s first annual report on Form 10-K following the date on which it ceases to qualify as an “emerging growth company,” which may be up to five full fiscal years following the date of the first sale of common equity securities pursuant to an effective registration statement. If such evaluation were performed, control deficiencies could be identified by our management, and those control deficiencies could also represent one or more material weaknesses. In addition, Greenrose cannot, at this time, predict the outcome of this determination

17

Table of Contents

and whether Greenrose will need to implement remedial actions in order to implement effective control over financial reporting. If in subsequent years Greenrose is unable to assert that Greenrose’s internal control over financial reporting is effective, or if Greenrose’s auditors express an opinion that Greenrose’s internal control over financial reporting is ineffective, Greenrose may fail to meet the future reporting obligations in a timely and reliable manner and its financial statements may contain material misstatements. Any such failure could also adversely cause our investors to have less confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports, which could have a material adverse effect on the price of Greenrose’s securities.

Greenrose is an emerging growth company and a smaller reporting company and, as a result of the reduced disclosure and governance requirements applicable to emerging growth companies and smaller reporting companies, our common stock may be less attractive to investors.

Greenrose is an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act, and it intends to take advantage of some of the exemptions from reporting requirements that are available to emerging growth companies, including:

•        not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements in the assessment of Greenrose’s internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

•        reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in periodic reports and registration statements; and

•        not being required to hold a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

Greenrose may take advantage of these reporting exemptions until it is no longer an emerging growth company. Greenrose will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of common equity securities pursuant to an effective registration statement, (b) in which Greenrose has total annual gross revenue of at least $1.07 billion, or (c) in which Greenrose is deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of the Common Stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the prior June 30th, and (2) the date on which Greenrose has issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the prior three-year period.

In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the exemption from complying with new or revised accounting standards provided in Section 7(a) (2)(B) of the Securities Act as long as Greenrose is an emerging growth company. An emerging growth company can therefore delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. Greenrose has elected to avail itself of this exemption from new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, it may not be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies. Investors may find the Common Stock less attractive because Greenrose relies on these exemptions, which may result in a less active trading market for the Common Stock and the price of the Common Stock may be more volatile.

Greenrose is also deemed to be a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, and is thus allowed to provide simplified executive compensation disclosures in its SEC filings, will be exempt from the provisions of Section 404(b) of Sarbanes-Oxley requiring that an independent registered public accounting firm provide an attestation report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting and will have certain other reduced disclosure obligations with respect to its SEC filings. Greenrose will remain a “smaller reporting company” as long as, as of the last Business Day its recently completed second fiscal quarter, (i) the aggregate market value of its outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates (“public float”) is less than $250 million, or (ii) it has annual revenues of less than $100 million and public float of less than $700 million.

Greenrose cannot predict if investors will find its common stock less attractive because it will rely on the accommodations and exemptions available to emerging growth companies and smaller reporting companies. If some investors find Greenrose common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for the common stock and Greenrose’s share price may be more volatile.

18

Table of Contents

We are dependent on our banking relations, and we may have difficulty accessing or consistently maintaining banking or other financial services due to our connection with the cannabis industry.

We are dependent on the banking industry to support the financial functions of our products and solutions. Our business operating functions including payroll for our employees, real estate leases, and other expenses are reliant on traditional banking. Additionally, many of our clients pay us via wire transfer to our bank accounts, or via checks that we deposit into our banks. We require access to banking services for both us and our clients to receive payments in a timely manner. Lastly, to the extent we rely on any lines of credit, these could be affected by our relationships with financial institutions and could be jeopardized if we lose access to a bank account. Important components of our offerings depend on client accounts and relationships, which in turn depend on banking functions. Most federal and federally-insured state banks currently do not serve businesses that grow and sell cannabis products on the stated ground that growing and selling cannabis is illegal under federal law, even though the Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, or FinCEN, issued guidelines to banks in February 2014 that clarified how financial institutions can provide services to cannabis-related businesses, consistent with financial institutions’ obligations under the Bank Secrecy Act. While the federal government has generally not initiated financial crimes prosecutions against state-law compliant cannabis companies or their vendors, the government theoretically could, at least against companies in the adult-use markets. The continued uncertainty surrounding financial transactions related to cannabis activities and the subsequent risks this uncertainty presents to financial institutions may result in their discontinuing services to the cannabis industry or limit their ability to provide services to the cannabis industry or ancillary businesses providing services to the cannabis industry.

As a result of federal-level illegality and the risk that providing services to state-licensed cannabis businesses poses to banks, cannabis-related businesses face difficulties accessing banks that will provide services to them. When cannabis businesses are able to find a bank that will provide services, they face extensive client due diligence in light of complex state regulatory requirements and guidance from FinCEN, and these reviews may be time-consuming and costly, potentially creating additional barriers to financial services for, and imposing additional compliance requirements on, us and our clients. FinCEN requires a party in trade or business to file with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, or the IRS, a Form 8300 report within 15 days of receiving a cash payment of over $10,000. If we fail to comply with these laws and regulations, the imposition of a substantial penalty could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. We cannot assure that our strategies and techniques for designing our products and solutions for our clients will operate effectively and efficiently and not be adversely impacted by any refusal or reluctance of banks to serve businesses that grow and sell cannabis products. A change in banking regulations or a change in the position of the banking industry that permits banks to serve businesses that grow and sell cannabis products may increase competition for us, facilitate new entrants into the industry offering products or solutions similar to those that we offer, or otherwise adversely affect our results of operations. Also, the inability of potential clients in our target market to open accounts and otherwise use the services of banks or other financial institutions may make it difficult for us to conduct business, including receiving payments in a timely manner.

Each of Greenrose, Theraplant, and True Harvest has incurred and will incur substantial costs in connection with the Theraplant Merger and the True Harvest Acquisition and related transactions, such as legal, accounting, consulting and financial advisory fees.

As part of the Theraplant Merger and the True Harvest Acquisitions, each of Greenrose, Theraplant, and True Harvest utilized professional service firms for legal, accounting and financial advisory services. Although the parties have been provided with estimates of the costs for each advisory firm, the total actual costs may exceed those estimates. In addition, the companies may retain consulting services to assist in the integration of the businesses upon closing. These consulting services may extend beyond the current estimated time frame thus resulting in higher than expected costs.

Greenrose may incur successor liabilities due to conduct arising prior to the completion of the Theraplant merger or the True Harvest acquisition.

Greenrose may be subject to certain successor liabilities of Theraplant and True Harvest. Greenrose may become subject to litigation claims in the operation of Theraplant’s and True Harvest’s business prior to the closing of the Business Combination, including, but not limited to, with respect to tax, regulatory, employee or contract matters. Any litigation may be expensive and time-consuming and could divert the attention of Greenrose’s management from its business and negatively affect its operating results or financial condition. Furthermore, the outcome of any litigation cannot be guaranteed, and adverse outcomes can affect Greenrose and each of Theraplant or True Harvest negatively.

19

Table of Contents

A member of our management team may be subject to litigation.

In late March 2021, leakage was detected from the Piney Point, Florida site where HRK Holdings, LLC operates a ‘brownfield” industrial real estate project, including phosphogypsum containment ponds or “stacks” to remediate wastewater containing tailings from phosphate production. Operations at the phosphate plant for which the containment ponds were operated ceased twenty years ago. Wastewater more recently contained in the leaking stack was labeled “mixed seawater” by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (“FDEP”) and contained sea water from dredging of Manatee Bay, rainwater, surface water runoff from local farmland, and by-products of legacy phosphate production, making the mixed seawater high in phosphates and nitrates. One stack at the Piney Point site experienced a serious liner tear in a pond estimated to contain approximately 480 million gallons of wastewater, and the FDEP issued an emergency discharge order to reduce water volume of the affected stack. To minimize potential risk to public health and safety that could occur in the event of a potential catastrophic failure of the stack and any resultant uncontrolled discharge of water, Florida State and local County government officials ordered the immediate evacuation of more than 300 homes deemed to be within a zone of potential flooding in the proximity of the Piney Point facility. Efforts of County, State and Federal agencies, along with HRK, succeeded in preventing a catastrophic collapse of the stack after a four-day state of emergency, and on April 6, 2021, residents subject to the evacuation order were permitted to return to their homes.

Efforts have been ongoing to develop and implement a permanent resolution to the Piney Point facility’s challenges over a period of years in addressing the issues presented in operating the site. Possible environmental impact of the stack leakage and emergency discharge of wastewater into Manatee Bay are currently being evaluated. To date, FDEP testing of Tampa Bay affected by the discharged water meet “marine water quality standards”, as defined by FDEP.

In connection with responding to the Piney Point leak and emergency management thereof, public statements have been made by County and State officials, including Gov. DeSantis of Florida (“Gov. DeSantis”), to the effect that HRK will be held accountable for the incident. Subsequently, a lawsuit has been filed alleging violations of the federal Clean Water Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, naming as defendants Gov. DeSantis, the Department of Environmental Protection (the “DEP”), HRK Holdings LLC and the Manatee County Port Authority. As of early December 2021, all defendants have filed motions to dismiss. Gov. DeSantis’ administration argues that the lawsuit should be rejected as moot considering that the Court has appointed a receiver in a separate case. In its motion, the DEP stated a position that because a receiver has been appointed, funding is in place, and the receiver is working with an engineering firm on a plan to close the facility, the plaintiffs are not entitled to any additional relief from the court.

Greenrose CEO William F. Harley III is the Managing Member and majority owner of The Arsenal Group, a partial owner of HRK Holdings LLC. At this time, it is uncertain what impact on HRK, or on its investors, including The Arsenal Group, any effort to assert accountability or seek any remedy in connection with the leak from the stack, subsequent emergency discharge of wastewater or future site management efforts by government agencies may have.

If our goodwill or intangible assets become impaired, we may be required to record a significant charge to earnings.

Under generally accepted accounting principles, we review our amortizable intangible assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment at least annually. Factors that may indicate that the carrying value of our goodwill or intangible assets may not be recoverable include a decline in stock price and market capitalization, reduced future cash flow estimates and slower growth rates in our industry. As a result of an annual impairment test or a test upon an impairment indicator, if our goodwill or intangible assets are determined to be impaired, we may be required to record a significant charge to earnings.

Changes in laws or regulations, or a failure to comply with any laws and regulations, may adversely affect our business, investments and results of operations.

We are subject to laws and regulations enacted by national, regional and local governments. In particular, we will be required to comply with certain SEC and other legal requirements. Compliance with, and monitoring of, applicable laws and regulations may be difficult, time consuming and costly. Those laws and regulations and their interpretation

20

Table of Contents

and application may also change from time to time and those changes could have a material adverse effect on our business, investments and results of operations. In addition, a failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations, as interpreted and applied, could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

There may be tax consequences to the Theraplant Merger or the True Harvest Acquisition that may adversely affect us.

The Theraplant Merger or the True Harvest Business Combination might not meet the statutory requirements of a tax-free reorganization, or the parties might not obtain the intended tax-free treatment upon a transfer of shares or assets. A non-qualifying reorganization could result in the imposition of substantial taxes.

If we are unable to recruit, train, retain and motivate key personnel, we may not achieve our business objectives.

Our future success depends on our ability to recruit, train, retain and motivate key personnel, including members of the management of Theraplant. Additionally, we face challenges in attracting, retaining and motivating highly qualified personnel due to our relationship to the cannabis industry, which is rapidly evolving and has varying levels of social acceptance. We do not maintain fixed term employment contracts or key man life insurance with any of our employees. Any failure to attract, train, retain and motivate qualified personnel could materially harm our operating results and growth prospects.

If we fail to manage our growth effectively, our brand, business and operating results could be harmed.

We have experienced rapid growth in our headcount and operations, which places substantial demands on management and our operational infrastructure. To manage the expected growth of our operations and personnel, we will be required to improve existing, and implement new, transaction-processing, operational and financial systems, procedures and controls. We will also be required to expand our finance, administrative and operations staff. We intend to continue making substantial investments in our technology, sales and data infrastructure. As we continue to grow, we must effectively integrate, develop and motivate a significant number of new employees, while maintaining the beneficial aspects of our existing corporate culture, which we believe fosters innovation, teamwork and a passion for our products and clients. In addition, our revenue may not grow at the same rate as the expansion of our business. There can be no assurance that our current and planned personnel, systems, procedures and controls will be adequate to support our future operations or that management will be able to hire, train, retrain, motivate and manage required personnel. If we are unable to manage our growth effectively, the quality of our platform, efficiency of our operations, and management of our expenses could suffer, which could negatively impact our brand, business, profitability and operating results.

We will need to expand our organization and may experience difficulties in recruiting needed additional employees and consultants, which could disrupt our operations.

As our development and commercialization plans and strategies develop, we will need additional managerial, operational, sales, marketing, financial, legal and other resources. The competition for qualified personnel in the cannabis industry is intense. Due to this intense competition, we may be unable to attract and retain the qualified personnel necessary for the development of our business or to recruit suitable replacement personnel.

Our management may need to divert a disproportionate amount of its attention away from our day-to-day activities and devote a substantial amount of time to managing these growth activities. We may not be able to effectively manage the expansion of our operations, which may result in weaknesses in our infrastructure, operational mistakes, loss of business opportunities, loss of employees and reduced productivity among remaining employees. Our expected growth could require significant capital expenditures and may divert financial resources from other projects, such as the development of additional products. If our management is unable to effectively manage our growth, our expenses may increase more than expected, our ability to generate and/or grow revenue could be reduced and we may not be able to implement our business strategy. Our future financial performance and our ability to commercialize products and services and compete effectively will depend, in part, on our ability to effectively manage any future growth.

21

Table of Contents

Ongoing compliance with applicable local suitability requirements for significant stockholders and senior officers.

Under applicable State licensure requirements, if Greenrose’s policymaking senior officers and significant stockholders were to be found to be unsuitable under applicable law, there is a risk that the Company’s licensure in such State may be subject to administrative action, suspension or revocation. Significant stockholder thresholds vary by local regulatory framework but are generally set at 5% or 10% of the shares outstanding of the applicant for the license transfer. Officer suitability applications are also submitted for each natural person serving the applicant in a senior officer or policymaking role. In the event any person or stockholder whose suitability determination is a requirement of license transfer were in the future to become unsuitable under applicable law, local licensing may be put at risk of regulatory administrative action. To monitor compliance, Greenrose’s compliance procedures will include quarterly verification of ongoing suitability under applicable law. If any party whose suitability was established in connection with Greenrose’s applications for license transfer were in the future to become unsuitable, or any significant stockholder unknown to Greenrose were to be unsuitable under applicable law, to preclude or mitigate regulatory risk, Greenrose has the right to repurchase such unsuitable party’s stock. The repurchase price to be paid by Greenrose in any such repurchase may be material and unanticipated.

We may have difficulty using bankruptcy courts due to our involvement in the regulated cannabis industry.

We currently have no need or plans to seek bankruptcy protection. U.S. courts have held that debtors whose income is derived from cannabis or cannabis assets in violation of the CSA cannot seek federal bankruptcy protections. A U.S. court could determine that our revenue is derived from cannabis or cannabis assets and prevent us from obtaining bankruptcy protections if necessary.

We may continue to be subject to constraints on marketing our products.

Certain states in which we operate have enacted strict regulations regarding marketing and sales activities of cannabis products, which could affect our cannabis retail clients’ demand for our listing and marketing services. There may be restrictions on sales and marketing activities of cannabis businesses imposed by government regulatory bodies that can hinder the development of our business and operating results because of the restrictions our clients face. If our clients are unable to effectively market our products and compete for market share, or if the costs of compliance with government legislation and regulation cannot be absorbed through increased selling prices for our products for our clients, this could hamper demand for our products and services from licensed cannabis retailers, which could result in a loss of revenue.

Cannabis businesses are subject to unfavorable U.S. tax treatment.

Section 280E of the Code does not allow any deduction or credit for any amount paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on business, other than costs of goods sold, if the business (or the activities which comprise the trade or business) consists of trafficking in controlled substances (within the meaning of Schedules I and II of the Controlled Substances Act). The IRS has applied this provision to cannabis operations, prohibiting them from deducting expenses associated with cannabis businesses beyond costs of goods sold and asserting assessments and penalties for additional taxes owed. Section 280E may have a lesser impact on cannabis cultivation and manufacturing operations than on sales operations, which directly affects our clients, who are cannabis retailers. However, Section 280E and related IRS enforcement activity have had a significant impact on the operations of all cannabis companies. An otherwise profitable cannabis business may operate at a loss after considering its U.S. income tax expenses.

Changes in existing laws, regulations or other factors could negatively impact our future effective tax rate.

Our future effective tax rate may be affected by such factors as changing interpretation of existing laws or regulations, the impact of accounting for equity-based compensation, the impact of accounting for business combinations, and changes in overall levels of income before tax. In addition, in the ordinary course of our business, there are many intercompany transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain.

Although we believe that our tax estimates are reasonable, we cannot ensure that the final determination of tax audits or tax disputes will not be different from what is reflected in our historical income tax provisions and accruals.

22

Table of Contents

Cannabis businesses may be subject to civil asset forfeiture.

Any property owned by participants in the cannabis industry used in the course of conducting such business, or that represents proceeds of such business or is traceable to proceeds of such business, could be subject to seizure by law enforcement and subsequent civil asset forfeiture because of the illegality of the cannabis industry under federal law. Even if the owner of the property or the assets is never charged with a crime, the property in question could still be seized and subject to an administrative proceeding by which, with minimal due process, it could be subject to forfeiture. Forfeiture of assets of our cannabis business clients could adversely affect our revenues if it impedes their profitability or operations and our clients’ ability to continue to subscribe to our services.

Due to our involvement in the cannabis industry, we may have a difficult time obtaining the various insurances that are desired to operate our business, which may expose us to additional risk and financial liability.

Insurance that is otherwise readily available, such as general liability and directors’ and officers’ insurance, is more difficult for us to find and is more expensive or contains significant exclusions because we are cannabis industry participants. There are no guarantees that we will be able to find such insurance coverage in the future or that the cost will be affordable to us. If we are forced to go without such insurance coverage, it may prevent us from entering into certain business sectors, may inhibit our growth, and may expose us to additional risk and financial liabilities. If we experience an uninsured loss, it may result in loss of anticipated cash flow and could materially adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition, and business.

We may face difficulties in enforcing our contracts.

Courts will not enforce a contract deemed to involve a violation of law or public policy. Because cannabis remains illegal under U.S. federal law, parties to contracts involving the state-legal cannabis industry have argued that the agreement was void as federally illegal or against public policy. Some courts have accepted this argument in certain cases, usually against the company trafficking in cannabis. While courts have enforced contracts related to activities by state-legal cannabis companies, and the trend is generally to enforce contracts with state-legal cannabis companies and their vendors, there remains doubt and uncertainty that we will be able to enforce our commercial agreements in court for this reason. We cannot be assured that we will have a remedy for breach of contract, which would have a material adverse effect on our business.

If we fail to expand effectively into new markets, our revenue and business will be adversely affected.

While a key part of our business strategy is to add clients and consumers in our existing geographic markets, we intend to expand our operations into new markets if and as cannabis continues to be legalized. Any such expansion places us in competitive markets with which we may be unfamiliar, requires us to analyze the potential applicability of new and potentially complicated regulations regarding the usage, sale and marketing of cannabis, and involves various risks, including the need to invest significant time and resources and the possibility that returns on such investments will not be achieved for several years, if at all. As a result of such expansion, we may incur losses or otherwise fail to enter new markets successfully. In attempting to establish a presence in new markets, we expect to incur significant expenses and face various other challenges, such as expanding our compliance efforts to cover those new markets. These efforts may prove more expensive than we currently anticipate, and we may not succeed in increasing our revenues sufficiently to offset these expenses. Our current and any future expansion plans will require significant resources and management attention.

Cannabis businesses are subject to applicable anti-money laundering laws and regulations and have restricted access to banking and other financial services.

We are subject to a variety of laws and regulations in the United States that involve money laundering, financial record-keeping and proceeds of crime, including the U.S. Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act of 1970, (the “Bank Secrecy Act”), as amended by Title III of the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (which we refer to as the USA Patriot Act), and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by governmental authorities in the United States. Since the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of cannabis remains illegal under the CSA, banks and other financial institutions providing services to cannabis-related businesses risk violation of federal anti-money laundering statutes (18 U.S.C. §§ 1956 and 1957) and the Bank Secrecy Act, among other applicable

23

Table of Contents

federal statutes. Accordingly, pursuant to the Bank Secrecy Act, banks or other financial institutions that provide a cannabis business with a checking account, debit or credit card, small business loan or any other service could be criminally prosecuted for willful violations of money laundering, statutes, in addition to being subject to other criminal, civil, and regulatory enforcement actions.

Banks often refuse to provide banking services to businesses involved in the cannabis industry due to the present state of the laws and regulations governing financial institutions in the U.S. The lack of banking and financial services presents unique and significant challenges to businesses in the cannabis industry. The potential lack of a secure place in which to deposit and store cash, the inability to pay creditors through the issuance of checks and the inability to secure traditional forms of operational financing, such as lines of credit, are some of the many challenges presented by the unavailability of traditional banking and financial services. The above-mentioned laws and regulations can impose criminal liability for engaging in certain financial and monetary transactions with the proceeds of a “specified unlawful activity” such as distributing controlled substances, including cannabis, which are illegal under federal law, and for failing to identify or report financial transactions that involve the proceeds of cannabis-related violations of the CSA. We may also be exposed to the foregoing risks.

In February 2014 The United States Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (the “FinCEN”) issued the FinCEN Memorandum providing instructions to banks seeking to provide services to cannabis-related businesses. The FinCEN Memorandum echoed the enforcement priorities of the Cole Memorandum and states that in some circumstances, it is permissible for banks to provide services to cannabis-related businesses without risking prosecution for violation of federal money laundering laws. The FinCEN Memorandum directed prosecutors apply the enforcement priorities of the Cole Memorandum in determining whether to charge individuals or institutions with crimes related to financial transactions involving the proceeds of cannabis-related conduct.

The revocation of the Cole Memorandum has not yet affected the status of the FinCEN Memorandum, nor has FinCEN given any indication that it intends to rescind the FinCEN Memorandum itself. Shortly after the Sessions Memorandum was issued, FinCEN did state that it would review the FinCEN Memorandum, but FinCEN has not yet issued further guidance.

Although the FinCEN Memorandum remains intact, it is unclear whether the current administration will continue to follow its guidelines. The Department of Justice continues to have the right and power to prosecute crimes committed by banks and financial institutions, such as money laundering and violations of the Bank Secrecy Act, that occur in any state including states that have in some form legalized the sale of cannabis. Further, the conduct of the Department of Justice’s enforcement priorities could change for any number of reasons. A change in the Department of Justice’s priorities could result in the prosecution of banks and financial institutions for crimes that were not previously prosecuted.

If our operations, or proceeds thereof, dividend distributions or profits or revenues derived from our operations were found to be in violation of money laundering legislation or otherwise, such transactions may be viewed as proceeds from a crime (the sale of a Schedule I drug) under the Bank Secrecy Act’s money laundering provisions. This may restrict our ability to declare or pay dividends or effect other distributions.

The FinCEN Memorandum does not provide any safe harbors or legal defenses from examination or regulatory or criminal enforcement actions by the Department of Justice, FinCEN or other federal regulators. Thus, most banks and other financial institutions in the United States do not appear comfortable providing banking services to cannabis-related businesses or relying on this guidance given that it has the potential to be amended or revoked by the current administration. There are no assurances that this position will change under the Biden administration. In addition to the foregoing, banks may refuse to process debit card payments and credit card companies generally refuse to process credit card payments for cannabis-related businesses. As a result, we may have limited or no access to banking or other financial services in the United States. In addition, federal money laundering statutes and Bank Secrecy Act regulations discourage financial institutions from working with any organization that sells a controlled substance, regardless of whether the state it operates in permits cannabis sales. Our inability or limitation of our ability to open or maintain bank accounts, obtain other banking services and/or accept credit card and debit card payments may make it difficult for us to operate and conduct our business as planned or to operate efficiently.

Other potential violations of U.S. federal law resulting from cannabis-related activities include the Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations Act (“RICO”). RICO is a federal statute providing criminal penalties in addition to a civil cause of action for acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. Under RICO, it is unlawful for

24

Table of Contents

any person who has received income derived from a pattern of racketeering activity (which includes most felonious violations of the CSA), to use or invest any of that income in the acquisition of any interest, or the establishment or operation of, any enterprise which is engaged in interstate commerce. RICO also authorizes private parties whose properties or businesses are harmed by such patterns of racketeering activity to initiate a civil action against the individuals involved. Although RICO suits against the cannabis industry are rare, a few cannabis businesses have been subject to a civil RICO action. Defending such a case has proven extremely costly, and potentially fatal to a business’ operations.

Banks and other depository institutions are currently hindered by federal law from providing financial services to marijuana businesses, even in states where those businesses are regulated. On March 18, 2021, the Secure and Fair Enforcement Banking Act (the “SAFE Banking Act”) was reintroduced in the House of Representatives. On March 23, 2021, the bill was reintroduced in the Senate as well. The House previously passed the SAFE Banking Act in September 2019, but the measure stalled in the Senate. Most recently, on February 4, 2022, the House approved the America COMPETES Act of 2022, which includes the provisions of the SAFE Banking Act. The America COMPETES Act now advances to the Senate for consideration. As written, the SAFE Banking Act would allow financial institutions to provide their services to state-legal cannabis clients and ancillary businesses serving state-legal cannabis businesses without fear of federal sanctions. There is no guarantee the SAFE Banking Act will become law in its current form, if at all.

In the event that any of our operations, or any proceeds thereof, any dividends or distributions therefrom, or any profits or revenues accruing from such operations in the United States were found to be in violation of money laundering legislation or otherwise, such transactions may be viewed as proceeds of crime under one or more of the statutes noted above or any other applicable legislation. This could restrict or otherwise jeopardize our ability to declare or pay dividends, effect other distributions or subsequently repatriate such funds back to Canada, and subject us to civil and/or criminal penalties. Furthermore, in the event that a determination was made that the proceeds from our operations (or any future operations or investments in the United States) could reasonably be shown to constitute proceeds of crime, we may decide or be required to suspend declaring or paying dividends without advance notice and for an indefinite period of time. We could likewise be required to suspend or cease operations entirely.

We may face difficulties acquiring additional financing.

We may require equity and/or debt financing to support on-going operations, to undertake capital expenditures or to undertake acquisitions and/or other business combination transactions. There can be no assurance that additional financing will be available to us when needed or on terms which are acceptable. Our inability to raise financing through traditional banking to fund on-going operations, capital expenditures or acquisitions could limit our growth and may have a material adverse effect upon our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition.

We operate in a highly regulated sector and may not always succeed in complying fully with applicable regulatory requirements in all jurisdictions where we carry on business.

Our business and activities are heavily regulated in all jurisdictions where we carry on business. Our operations are subject to various laws, regulations and guidelines by state and local governmental authorities relating to the manufacture, marketing, management, transportation, storage, sale, pricing and disposal of cannabis and cannabis oil, and also including laws and regulations relating to health and safety, insurance coverage, the conduct of operations and the protection of the environment. Laws and regulations, applied generally, grant government agencies and self-regulatory bodies broad administrative discretion over our activities, including the power to limit or restrict business activities as well as impose additional disclosure requirements on our products and services. Achievement of our business objectives is contingent, in part, upon compliance with regulatory requirements enacted by these governmental authorities and obtaining all necessary regulatory approvals for the manufacture, production, storage, transportation, sale, import and export, as applicable, of our products. The commercial cannabis industry is still a new industry at the state and local level. The effect of relevant governmental authorities’ administration, application and enforcement of their respective regulatory regimes and delays in obtaining, or failure to obtain, applicable regulatory approvals which may be required may significantly delay or impact the development of markets, products and sales initiatives and could have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition.

25

Table of Contents

While we endeavor to comply with all relevant laws, regulations and guidelines and, to our knowledge, we are in compliance or are in the process of being assessed for compliance with all such laws, regulations and guidelines, any failure to comply with the regulatory requirements applicable to our operations may lead to possible sanctions including the revocation or imposition of additional conditions on licenses to operate our business; the suspension or expulsion from a particular market or jurisdiction or of our key personnel; the imposition of additional or more stringent inspection, testing and reporting requirements; and the imposition of fines and censures. In addition, changes in regulations, more vigorous enforcement thereof or other unanticipated events could require extensive changes to our operations, increase compliance costs or give rise to material liabilities and/or revocation of our licenses and other permits, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Furthermore, governmental authorities may change their administration, application or enforcement procedures at any time, which may adversely impact our ongoing costs relating to regulatory compliance. Maintaining compliance with complex and ever-changing regulations, including sometimes unclear regulations and laws, can be a difficult task, and a materially compliant business can be found in violation of one or more laws, rules or regulations while remaining materially or substantially compliant with applicable state cannabis laws.

As our costs increase, we may not be able to generate sufficient revenue to maintain profitability in the future.

Revenue for the business of Theraplant may not be sustainable due to a number of factors, including the maturation of our business and the eventual decline in the number of new major geographic markets in which the sale of cannabis is permitted and to which we have not already expanded. We may not be able to generate sufficient revenue to sustain profitability. Additionally, our costs may increase in future periods as we expend substantial financial and other resources on, among other things:

•        sales and marketing, including continued investment in our current marketing efforts and future marketing initiatives;

•        hiring of additional employees, including our product and engineering teams;

•        expansion domestically in an effort to increase our client usage, client base, and our sales to our clients;

•        development of new products, and increased investment in the ongoing development of our existing products; and

•        general administration, including a significant increase in legal and accounting expenses related to public company compliance, continued compliance with various regulations applicable to cannabis industry businesses and other work arising from the growth and maturity of our Company.

These expenditures may not result in additional revenue or the growth of our business. If we fail to continue to grow revenue or to sustain profitability, the market price of our securities could decline, and our business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.

We face security risks related to our physical facilities and cash transfers.

The business premises of our operating locations are targets for theft. While we have implemented security measures at each location and continue to monitor and improve such security measures, our cultivation, processing and dispensary facilities could be subject to break-ins, robberies and other breaches in security. If there was a breach in security and we fell victim to a robbery or theft, the loss of cannabis plants, cannabis oils, cannabis flowers, other cannabis goods and cultivation and processing equipment could have a material adverse impact on our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition.

As our business involves the movement and transfer of cash which is collected from dispensaries or patients/customers and deposited into our bank, there is a risk of theft or robbery during the transport of cash. Our transport, distribution, and delivery of finished cannabis goods inventory including but not limited to wholesale delivery of finished products to retail customers and delivery of finished goods to end consumers and other intermediaries, also is subject to risks of theft and robbery. We have engaged a security firm to provide security in the transport and movement of large amounts of cash and products. Employees sometimes transport cash and/or products and, if requested, may be escorted by armed guards. While we have taken robust steps to prevent theft or robbery of cash during transport, there can be no assurance that there will not be a security breach during the transport and the movement of cash involving the theft of product or cash.

26

Table of Contents

We face exposure to fraudulent or illegal activity by employees, contractors, consultants and agents which may subject us to investigations and actions.

We face exposure to the risk that employees, independent contractors or consultants may engage in fraudulent or other illegal activities. Misconduct by these parties could include intentional, reckless and/or negligent conduct or disclosure of unauthorized activities or our confidential information that violates government regulations, applicable business policies, practices or standards, healthcare laws, laws that require the true, complete and accurate reporting of financial information or data, or other laws, regulations, rules or policies that are or may become applicable to us as a result of our operations. It may not always be possible for us to identify and deter misconduct by our employees and other third parties, and the precautions we take to detect and prevent these activities may not always be effective in controlling unknown or unmanaged risks or losses or in protecting us from governmental investigations or other actions or lawsuits stemming from a failure to be in compliance with such laws or regulations. We cannot provide assurance that our internal controls and compliance systems will protect us from acts committed by our employees, agents or business partners in violation of federal, state or local laws. If any such actions are instituted against us, and we are not successful in defending the Company or asserting our rights, those actions could have a material impact on our business, including the imposition of civil, criminal and administrative penalties, damages, monetary fines, contractual damages, reputational harm, diminished profits and future earnings, and curtailment of our operations, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Competition for the acquisition and leasing of properties suitable for the cultivation, production and sale of medical and adult use cannabis may impede our ability to make acquisitions or increase the cost of these acquisitions, and may generally impede our ability to expand, which could adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

We compete for the acquisition of properties suitable for the cultivation, production and sale of medical and adult use cannabis with entities engaged in agriculture, real estate investment, consumer products manufacturing and retail activities, including corporate agriculture companies, cultivators, producers and sellers of cannabis. These competitors may prevent us from acquiring and leasing desirable properties, may cause an increase in the price we must pay for properties or may result in us having to lease our properties on less favorable terms than we expect. Our competitors may have greater financial and operational resources than we do and may be willing to pay more for certain assets or may be willing to accept more risk than we believe can be prudently managed. In particular, larger companies may enjoy significant competitive advantages that result from, among other things, a lower cost of capital and enhanced operating efficiencies. Our competitors may also adopt transaction structures similar to ours, which would decrease our competitive advantage in offering flexible transaction terms. In addition, due to a number of factors, including but not limited to potential greater clarity of the laws and regulations governing medical use cannabis by state and federal governments, the number of entities and the amount of funds competing for suitable investment properties may increase, resulting in increased demand and increased prices paid for these properties. If we pay higher prices for properties or enter into leases for such properties on less favorable terms than we expect, our profitability and ability to generate cash flow and make distributions to our stockholders may decrease. Increased competition for properties may also preclude us from acquiring those properties that would generate attractive returns to us.

Our reputation and ability to do business may be negatively impacted by the improper conduct by our business partners, employees or agents.

We cannot provide assurance that our internal controls and compliance systems will protect us from acts committed by our employees, agents or business partners in violation of U.S. federal or state or local laws. Any improper acts or allegations could damage our reputation and subject us to civil or criminal investigations and related shareholder lawsuits, could lead to substantial civic and criminal monetary and non-monetary penalties and could cause us to incur significant legal and investigatory fees.

We face risks due to industry immaturity or limited comparable, competitive or established industry best practices.

As a relatively new industry, there are not many established operators in the medical and adult use cannabis industries whose business models we can follow or build upon. Similarly, there is no or limited information about comparable companies available for potential investors to review in making a decision about whether to invest in us.

27

Table of Contents

Shareholders and investors should consider, among other factors, our prospects for success in light of the risks and uncertainties encountered by companies, like us, that are in their early stages. For example, unanticipated expenses and problems or technical difficulties may occur, which may result in material delays in the operation of our business. We may fail to successfully address these risks and uncertainties or successfully implement our operating strategies. If we fail to do so, it could materially harm our business to the point of having to cease operations and could impair the value of the Common Stock to the extent that investors may lose their entire investments.

We face risks related to our products.

We have committed and expect to continue committing significant resources and capital to develop and market existing products and new products and services. These products are relatively untested in the marketplace, and we cannot assure shareholders and investors that we will achieve market acceptance for these products, or other new products and services that we may offer in the future. Moreover, these and other new products and services may be subject to significant competition with offerings by new and existing competitors in the industry. In addition, new products and services may pose a variety of challenges and require us to attract additional qualified employees. The failure to successfully develop, manage and market these new products and services could seriously harm our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition.

We are dependent on the popularity of consumer acceptance of our brand portfolio.

Our ability to generate revenue and be successful in the implementation of our business plan is dependent on consumer acceptance of and demand for our products produced and sold. Acceptance of our products depends on several factors, including availability, cost, ease of use, familiarity of use, convenience, effectiveness, safety and reliability. If these customers do not accept our products, or if such products fail to adequately meet customers’ needs and expectations, our ability to continue generating revenues could be reduced.

Our business is subject to the risks inherent in agricultural operations.

Our business involves the growing of cannabis, an agricultural product. Our business is subject to the risks inherent in the agricultural business, such as insects, plant diseases and similar agricultural risks that could deplete the viability of harvested cannabis and our revenue generating abilities. Although our cultivation is substantially completed indoors under climate control, some cultivation may be completed outdoors, and there can be no assurance that natural elements will not have a material adverse effect on any future production. In addition, events such as system failures or utility outages, which could result from natural or man-made conditions, could limit our ability to control the climates of our indoor grow and/or storage facilities that could result in damage, disease or rot to our products and our revenue generating abilities.

We are dependent on key inputs, suppliers and skilled labor.

The marijuana business is dependent on a number of key inputs and their related costs, including raw materials and supplies related to growing operations, as well as electricity, water and other local utilities. Any significant interruption or negative change in the availability or economics of the supply chain for key inputs, such as the raw material cost of cannabis, or natural or other disruptions to power or other utility systems, could materially impact our business, financial condition, results of operations or prospects. Some of these inputs may only be available from a single supplier or a limited group of suppliers. If a sole source supplier were to go out of business, we might be unable to find a replacement for such source in a timely manner, or at all. If a sole source supplier were to be acquired by a competitor, that competitor may elect not to sell to us in the future. Any inability to secure required supplies and services, or to do so on appropriate terms, could have a materially adverse impact on our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition. We aim to provide our vendor base with annual projections so that our vendors can better ensure a steady supply of raw materials and packaging. We check in with our vendors at least once quarterly to update them to relevant real time changes in our annual plan.

For most important raw materials and packaging, we aim to have both a primary vendor supplier and a secondary vendor supplier to ensure redundancy.

28

Table of Contents

Our ability to compete and grow will be dependent on us having access, at a reasonable cost and in a timely manner, to skilled labor, equipment, parts and components. No assurances can be given that we will be successful in maintaining our required supply of skilled labor, equipment, parts and components. This could have an adverse effect on our financial results.

Our projections are subject to significant risks, assumptions, estimates and uncertainties. As a result, our actual sales, revenues, market share, expenses and profitability may differ materially from our expectations.

We operate in a rapidly changing and competitive industry and our projections will be subject to the risks and assumptions made by management with respect to our industry and business. As a result of recent and ongoing regulatory and policy changes in the medical and adult use cannabis industries and unreliable levels of market supply, the market data available is limited and unreliable. We must rely largely on our own market research to forecast sales, as detailed forecasts are not generally obtainable from other sources in the states in which our business operates. Any market research and our projections of estimated total retail sales, demographics, demand and similar consumer research, are based on assumptions from limited and unreliable market data.

Operating results are difficult to forecast because they generally depend on a number of factors, including the competition we face, and our ability to attract and retain customers, deliver new products and services and expand market share. Additionally, our business may be affected by reductions in trading activity, loss of customers, lack of new products, competition, regulation and a number of factors which may be difficult to predict. This may result in decreased revenue levels, and we may be unable to adopt measures in a timely manner to compensate for any unexpected shortfall in income. This inability could cause our operating results in a given quarter to be higher or lower than expected. These factors make creating accurate forecasts and budgets challenging and, as a result, we may fall materially short of our forecasts and expectations, which could cause our stock price to decline and investors to lose confidence in us. We could experience a failure in the demand for our products as a result of competition, technological change or other factors; price discounts to promote the movement of slower selling products or to respond to price compression in the market due to of growing number of product options and rising stocks of unsold goods coinciding with possible slowing recreational sales in some markets. Any such event could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We may fail to offer the optimal pricing of our products.

We have limited experience in determining the optimal pricing of our products, and we may need to change our pricing model from time to time. For example, we charge different rates for the same products in different markets, based on a variety of factors such as the number of local retailers and consumer traffic and engagement. If our retailers believe the cost of our products do not generate proper return on investment, such retailers may decline to continue using our products, and our revenue and other financial results may be adversely impacted.

We may be subject to litigation.

We may become party to litigation from time to time in the ordinary course of business, which could adversely affect our business. Should any litigation in which we become involved be determined against us, such a decision could adversely affect our ability to continue operating and the market price for the Common Stock and could potentially use significant resources. Even if we are involved in litigation and win, litigation can redirect significant resources of Greenrose.

We face an inherent risk of product liability and similar claims.

As a distributor of products designed to be ingested by humans, we face an inherent risk of exposure to product liability claims, regulatory action and litigation if our products are alleged to have failed to meet expected standards or to have caused significant loss or injury. In addition, the sale of our products involves the risk of injury to consumers due to tampering by unauthorized third parties or product contamination. Previously unknown adverse reactions resulting from human consumption of our products alone or in combination with other medications or substances could occur. We may be subject to various product liability claims, including, among others, that our products caused injury, illness or death, include inadequate instructions for use or include inadequate warnings concerning possible side effects or interactions with other substances. As an agricultural product, the quality of cannabis is inherently variable, and consumers may raise claims that our quality control or labeling processes have not sufficiently ensured that our

29

Table of Contents

grown and manufactured processes are sufficient to meet expected standards. A product liability claim or regulatory action against us could result in increased costs, could adversely affect our reputation with our clients and consumers generally and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. There can be no assurances that we will be able to obtain or maintain product liability insurance on acceptable terms or with adequate coverage against potential liabilities. Such insurance is expensive and may not be available in the future on acceptable terms, or at all. The inability to obtain sufficient insurance coverage on reasonable terms or to otherwise protect against potential product liability claims could prevent or inhibit the commercialization of our potential products.

We may be exposed to infringement or misappropriation claims by third parties, which, if determined adversely to us, could subject us to significant liabilities and other costs.

Our success may depend on our ability to use and develop new extraction technologies, recipes, know-how and new strains of marijuana without infringing the intellectual property rights of third parties. We cannot assure that third parties will not assert intellectual property claims against us. We are subject to additional risks if entities licensing intellectual property to us do not have adequate rights to the licensed materials. If third parties assert copyright or patent infringement or violation of other intellectual property rights against us, we will be required to defend ourselves in litigation or administrative proceedings, which can be both costly and time consuming and may significantly divert the efforts and resources of management personnel. An adverse determination in any such litigation or proceedings to which we may become a party could subject us to significant liability to third parties, require us to seek licenses from third parties, require us to pay ongoing royalties or subject us to injunctions that may prohibit the development and operation of our applications.

If the Company fails to introduce or acquire new products or services that achieve broad market acceptance on a timely basis, or if its products or services are not adopted as expected, the combined company will not be able to compete effectively.

The Company will operate in a highly competitive, quickly changing environment, and the combined company’s future success depends in part on its ability to develop or acquire and introduce new products and services that achieve broad market acceptance. The Company’s ability to successfully introduce and market new products is unproven. Because the Company will have a limited operating history and the market for its products, including newly acquired or developed products, is rapidly evolving, it is difficult to predict the combined Company’s operating results, particularly with respect to any new products that it may introduce. The Company’s future success will depend in large part upon its ability to identify demand trends in the market in which it will operate and quickly develop or acquire, and design, manufacture and sell, products and services that satisfy these demands in a cost-effective manner. In order to differentiate the Company’s products and services from competitors’ products, the Company will need to increase focus and capital investment in research and development. If the Company’s new products or services fail to achieve widespread market acceptance, or if we are unsuccessful in capitalizing on opportunities in the market in which the Company will operate, the Company’s future growth may be slowed and its business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. Successfully predicting demand trends is difficult, and it is difficult to predict the effect that introducing a new product or service will have on existing product or service sales. It is possible that the Company may not be successful with its new products and services, and as a result the Company’s future growth may be slowed and its business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. Also, the Company may not be able to respond effectively to new product or service announcements by competitors by quickly introducing competitive products and services. In addition, the Company may acquire companies and technologies in the future. In these circumstances, the combined company may not be able to successfully manage integration of the new product and service lines with the combined company’s existing suite of products and services. If the Company is unable to effectively and successfully further develop these new product and service lines, the Company may not be able to increase or maintain sales and the Company’s gross margin may be adversely affected. Furthermore, the success of the Company’s new products will depend on several factors, including, but not limited to, market demand costs, timely completion and introduction of these products, prompt resolution of any defects or bugs in these products, the Company’s ability to support these products, differentiation of new products from those of the Company’s competitors, market acceptance of these products, delays and quality issues in releasing new products and services. The occurrence of one or more of the foregoing factors may result in lower quarterly revenue than expected, and the Company may in the future experience product or service introductions that fall short of its projected rates of market adoption.

30

Table of Contents

If the Company’s products fail to achieve and sustain sufficient market acceptance, the combined company’s revenue will be adversely affected.

The Company’s success will depend on its ability to develop and market products that are recognized and accepted as reliable, enabling and cost-effective. Some potential customers of Greenrose may already use products similar to what Theraplant historically has been offering and similar to what Greenrose currently offers and may be reluctant to replace those products with those of Greenrose. Market acceptance of the Company’s products will depend on many factors, including the Company’s ability to convince potential customers that the Company’s products are an attractive alternative to existing products.

Risks Related to Theraplant

Connecticut is a new market for cultivation licenses

Introduction in Connecticut of legislation authorizing recreational adult use may have an impact on patient or usage rates for medical use of cannabis; it is unclear what impact such trends, if significant and prolonged, may have on the business or prospects of Theraplant. Additionally, the regulatory framework implementing and administering the recently legalized adult use market in Connecticut is not yet complete, and development and implementation of that framework may create uncertainties relating to the rules applicable to the issuance of new licenses as well as the timing of and any limitations on adult use sales of cannabis in Connecticut.

Because our business is dependent, in part, upon continued market acceptance of cannabis by consumers, any negative trends could adversely affect our business operations.

We are dependent on public support, continued market acceptance and the proliferation of consumers in the state-level cannabis markets. While we believe that the market and opportunities in the space will continue to grow, we cannot predict the future growth rate or size of the market. Any downturns in, or negative outlooks on, the cannabis industry may adversely affect our business and financial condition.

Management of Theraplant have interests in competing businesses that may create a conflict of interest in allocating their time.

While we make efforts to maintain the key personnel of the Theraplant, the management of Theraplant have interests in competing businesses. For example, Daniel Emmans, the Chief Executive Officer of Theraplant who will serve as Regional President, has an ownership interest in Northeast Bio, which is seeking to obtain a license to cultivate cannabis in the State of Connecticut. While Mr. Emmans’ employment agreement requires him to devote sufficient time to Greenrose’s business to carry out his duties, neither his employment agreement nor his non-competition agreement restrict him from assisting any of these businesses in a way that may be competitive to Greenrose.

Greenrose’s and Theraplant’s ability to successfully operate the business after the merger will be largely dependent upon the efforts of certain key personnel of Theraplant, all of whom are expected to stay with Greenrose. The loss of such key personnel could negatively impact the operations and financial results of Greenrose.

Greenrose’s and Theraplant’s ability to successfully operate the business following the merger is dependent upon the efforts of certain key personnel of Theraplant. Although such key personnel are generally expected to remain with Greenrose, and Greenrose has entered into employment agreements for them to remain with Greenrose, there can be no assurance that such individuals will continue to remain with Greenrose. It is possible that Theraplant may lose key personnel, the loss of which could negatively impact the operations and profitability of Greenrose.

Risks Related to True Harvest

Greenrose’s Board did not obtain a fairness opinion in determining whether to proceed with the True Harvest Acquisition.

In analyzing the True Harvest acquisition, the Board conducted significant due diligence on True Harvest. The Board believes because of the financial skills and background of its directors, and the financial information supporting the True Harvest acquisition provided by Greenrose’s management team, it was qualified to conclude that the True Harvest acquisition was fair from a financial perspective to Greenrose’s stockholders. Notwithstanding the

31

Table of Contents

foregoing, the Board did not obtain a fairness opinion to assist it in its determination. There can be no assurance that the consideration paid in connection with the True Harvest acquisition reflects the fair market value of the assets being purchased in that transaction.

Theraplant and True Harvest are located in different jurisdictions, and we may find it difficult integrating each into the Company.

As a result of the Theraplant Merger and the True Harvest Acquisition, Greenrose acquired operations in two (2) states and managing each of these businesses and integrating them into a single unified company may be difficult and could have a material adverse effect on Greenrose’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

True Harvest has previously been subject to litigation.

True Harvest sellers is engaged in litigation relating to various business matters, including a dispute relating to a consulting services agreement with a consulting firm asserting that True Harvest is in breach of certain payment obligations, and that such party has filed liens securing its claims. Pursuant to the asset purchase agreement between Greenrose and True Harvest, Greenrose is not assuming liability for any litigation affecting True Harvest through the date of closing, and Greenrose understands any liability payable by True Harvest is to be paid by True Harvest in accordance with any settlement agreement entered to resolve pending litigation.

Risks Related to Intellectual Property and Information Technology

We have limited trademark protection.

We will not be able to register any federal trademarks for our cannabis products. Because producing, manufacturing, processing, possessing, distributing, selling and using cannabis is a crime under the Controlled Substances Act, the Patent and Trademark Office will not permit the registration of any trademark that identifies cannabis products. As a result, we likely will be unable to protect our cannabis product trademarks beyond the geographic areas in which it conducts business. The use of our trademarks outside the states in which we operate by one or more other persons could have a material adverse effect on the value of such trademarks.

We face risks related to our information technology systems, including potential cyber-attacks and security breaches.

Our operations depend, in part, on how well we and our suppliers protect networks, equipment, information technology, which we refer to as IT, systems and software against damage and threats, including, but not limited to, cable cuts, damage to physical plants, natural disasters, intentional damage and destruction, fire, power loss, hacking, computer viruses, vandalism and theft. Our operations also depend on the timely maintenance and replacement of network equipment, IT systems and software, as well as pre-emptive expenses to mitigate associated risks. Given the nature of our products and the lack of legal availability outside of channels approved by the federal government, as well as the concentration of inventory in our facilities, there remains a risk of shrinkages, as well as theft. If there was a breach in security and we fell victim to theft or robbery, the loss of cannabis plants, cannabis oils, cannabis flowers and cultivations and processing equipment, or if there was a failure in information systems, it could adversely affect our reputation and business continuity.

Additionally, we may store and collect personal information about customers and are responsible for protecting that information from privacy breaches that may occur through procedural or process failure, IT malfunction or deliberate unauthorized intrusions. Any such theft or privacy breach would have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, revenue, results of operation and financial condition.

We are subject to laws, rules and regulations in the United States (such as the California Consumer Privacy Act which became effective on January 1, 2020) and other jurisdictions relating to the collection, processing, storage, transfer and use of personal data. Our ability to execute transactions and to possess and use personal information and data in conducting our business subjects us to legislative and regulatory burdens that may require us to notify regulators and customers, employees and other individuals of a data security breach. Evolving compliance and operational requirements under the privacy laws, rules and regulations of jurisdictions in which we operate impose significant costs that are likely to increase over time. In addition, non-compliance could result in proceedings against us by governmental entities and/or significant fines, could negatively impact our reputation, and may otherwise adversely impact our business, financial condition and operating results.

32

Table of Contents

Risks Related to the Securities of the Company

An active trading market for our common stock and warrants may never develop or be sustained, which would adversely affect the liquidity and price of our securities.

An active trading market for our securities may never develop or, if developed, may not be sustained. In addition, the price of our securities could fluctuate significantly for various reasons, many of which are outside our control, such as our performance, large purchases or sales of our common stock, legislative changes and general economic, political or regulatory conditions. The release of our financial results may also cause our share price to vary. If an active market for our securities does not develop, it may be difficult for you to sell our common stock and/or warrants you own or purchase without depressing the market price for our securities or to sell the securities at all.

If we fail to maintain the requirements for eligibility to be included for trading on the OTC Markets, or if our securities, including the public warrants were to cease to be eligible for trading on the OTC Markets, there could be significant material adverse consequences, including a lack of liquidity for our securities (including our public warrants), a limited availability of market quotations for our securities (including our public warrants), a limited amount of news and analyst coverage for the combined company, and a decreased ability to obtain capital or pursue acquisitions by issuing additional equity or convertible securities.

On June 21, 2021, Greenrose filed a Form 25 with the SEC and voluntarily delisted its securities from the Nasdaq market as Greenrose’s securities were approved for quotation on over the counter (OTC) markets as of June 22, 2021. Greenrose determined to voluntarily delist from Nasdaq because completion of the Theraplant Merger would cause Greenrose to be out of compliance with Nasdaq requirements that companies traded on Nasdaq may not be engaged in business that is not legal in the United States, and cannabis is not legal under current U.S. federal law. Greenrose believes the OTC marketplaces have not historically enjoyed the same degree of liquidity as the Nasdaq market. Accordingly, Greenrose securityholders may encounter lower trading volumes, broader spreads between bid and ask prices and generally less liquidity for Greenrose’s securities than if those securities remained eligible, for quotation on the Nasdaq market.

The sponsor can earn a positive rate of return on its investment, even if other shareholders experience a negative rate of return in the post- business-combination company.

On August 26, 2019, Greenrose issued an aggregate of 4,312,500 shares of its common stock (also referred to as the “Founder’s Shares”) for an aggregate purchase price of $25,000, or approximately $0.006 per share, to Greenrose’s sponsor. In its initial public offering, the Company issued an aggregate of 17,250,000 of its units (each unit consisting of one share of Greenrose common stock, $0.0001 par value per share and one warrant to purchase one share of Greenrose common stock at a price of $11.50 per share), at an offering price of $10.00 per Unit. Consequently, the Company’s sponsor may realize a positive rate of return on its initial $25,000 investment even if the public price per share of common stock of the Company drops to below $10.00 per share, in which case the public shareholders may experience a negative rate of return on their investment.

Greenrose may be required to take write-downs or write-offs, restructuring and impairment or other charges that could have a significant negative effect on Greenrose’s financial condition, results of operations and the stock price, which could cause you to lose some or all of your investment.

Although Greenrose has conducted due diligence on Theraplant and True Harvest, there can be no assurance that Greenrose’s diligence surfaced all material issues that may be presented by the business of Theraplant and True Harvest, that it would be possible to uncover all material issues through a customary amount of due diligence, or that factors outside of Theraplant’s and True Harvest’s and outside of Greenrose’s control will not later arise. As a result of these factors, Greenrose may be forced to later write-down or write off assets, restructure its operations, or incur impairment or other charges that could result in Greenrose reporting losses. Even if Greenrose’s due diligence successfully identified certain risks, unexpected risks may arise and previously known risks may materialize in a manner not consistent with Greenrose’s preliminary risk analysis. Even though these charges may be non-cash items and would not have an immediate impact on Greenrose’s liquidity, the fact that Greenrose reports charges of this nature could contribute to negative market perceptions about Greenrose or its securities. Accordingly, any stockholders who choose to remain stockholders could suffer a reduction in the value of their shares. Such stockholders are unlikely to have a remedy for such reduction in value unless they are able to successfully claim that the reduction was due to the breach

33

Table of Contents

by Greenrose’s officers or directors of a duty of care or other fiduciary duty owed to them, or if they are able to successfully bring a private claim under securities laws that the proxy statement relating to the Business Combination contained an actionable material misstatement or material omission.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides, subject to limited exceptions, that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain stockholder litigation matters, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or stockholders.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought in our name, actions against directors, officers and employees for breach of fiduciary duty and other similar actions may be brought only in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware and, if brought outside of Delaware, the stockholder bringing the suit will be deemed to have consented to service of process on such stockholder’s counsel.

Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the forum provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation.

This choice of forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us or any of our directors, officers, other employees or stockholders, which may discourage lawsuits with respect to such claims, although our stockholders will not be deemed to have waived our compliance with federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that the exclusive forum provision will be applicable to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law. Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder and Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. As a result, the exclusive forum provision will not apply to suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act, the Securities Act or any other claim for which the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction.

The future sales of shares by existing stockholders and future exercise of registration rights may adversely affect the market price of the Company’s common stock.

Sales of a substantial number of shares of the Company’s common stock in the public market could occur at any time. If the Company’s stockholders sell, or the market perceives that the Company’s stockholders intend to sell, substantial amounts of the Company’s common stock in the public market, the market price of the Company’s common stock could decline.

We may not be able to timely and effectively implement controls and procedures required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that will be applicable to us after the completion of a business combination.

Theraplant and True Harvest were not subject to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. However, we will be required to provide management’s attestation on internal controls commencing with its annual report for year ending December 31, 2021. The standards required for a public company under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 are significantly more stringent than those required as a privately-held company. Management may not be able to effectively and timely implement controls and procedures that adequately respond to the regulatory compliance and reporting requirements that are applicable to us. If Greenrose is not able to implement the additional requirements of Section 404 in a timely manner or with adequate compliance, Greenrose may not be able to assess whether its internal controls over financial reporting are effective, which may subject it to adverse regulatory consequences and could harm investor confidence and the market price of its common stock.

34

Table of Contents

A market for our securities may not continue, which would adversely affect the liquidity and price of our securities.

The price of our securities may fluctuate significantly due to the market’s reaction to the Business Combination, including general market and economic conditions, and being traded on the OTC market which is not a national stock exchange. An active trading market for our securities may never develop or, if developed, may not be sustained. In addition, the price of our securities could vary due to general economic conditions and forecasts, general business conditions and the release of financial reports. You may be unable to sell your securities unless a market can be sustained.

We may be subject to securities litigation, which is expensive and could divert management attention.

The market price of our common stock may be volatile and, in the past, companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their stock have been subject to securities class action litigation. We may be the target of this type of litigation in the future. Securities litigation against us could result in substantial costs and divert management’s attention from other business concerns, which could seriously harm our business.

We do not intend to pay cash dividends for the foreseeable future.

We currently intend to retain our future earnings, if any, to finance the further development and expansion of our business and do not intend to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination to pay dividends will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, restrictions contained in future agreements and financing instruments, business prospects and such other factors as our board of directors deems relevant.

If securities or industry analysts do not publish or cease publishing research or reports about the Company, its business, or its market, or if they change their recommendations regarding our securities adversely, then the price and trading volume of our securities could decline.

The trading market for our securities will be influenced by the research and reports that industry or securities analysts may publish about us, our business, our market, or our competitors. Securities and industry analysts do not currently, and may never, publish research on the Company. If no securities or industry analysts commence coverage of the Company, our stock price and trading volume would likely be negatively impacted. If any of the analysts who may cover the Company negatively change their recommendation regarding our stock adversely, or provide more favorable relative recommendations about our competitors, the price of our securities would likely decline. If any analyst who may cover the Company were to cease coverage of the Company or fail to regularly publish reports on it, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline.

Our internal control over financial reporting may not be effective and our independent registered public accounting firm may not be able to certify as to their effectiveness, which could have a significant and adverse effect on our business and reputation.

As a public company, we are required to comply with the SEC’s rules implementing Sections 302 and 404 of SOX, which require management to certify financial and other information in our quarterly and annual reports and provide an annual management report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. To comply with the requirements of being a public company, the Company will be required to provide the management report on internal controls commencing with the annual report for fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, and we may need to undertake various actions, such as implementing additional internal controls and procedures and hiring additional accounting or internal audit staff. The standards required for a public company under Section 404 of SOX are significantly more stringent than those required of a privately-held company. Further, as an emerging growth company, our independent registered public accounting firm is not required to formally attest to the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 until the date we are no longer an emerging growth company.

Testing and maintaining these controls can divert our management’s attention from other matters that are important to the operation of our business. If we identify material weaknesses in the internal control over financial reporting of the Company or are unable to comply with the requirements of Section 404 or assert that our internal control over financial reporting is effective, or if our independent registered public accounting firm is unable to express an opinion as to the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting when we no longer qualify as

35

Table of Contents

an emerging growth company, investors may lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports and the market price of our common stock could be negatively affected, and we could become subject to investigations by the SEC or other regulatory authorities, which could require additional financial and management resources.

We are subject to proceeds of crime statutes.

We will be subject to a variety of laws that concern money laundering, financial recordkeeping and proceeds of crime. These include: the Bank Secrecy Act, as amended by Title III of the USA Patriot Act, the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act (Canada), the rules and regulations under the Criminal Code of Canada and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by governmental authorities in the United States and Canada.

In the event that any of our activities, or any proceeds thereof, in the United States were found to be in violation of money laundering legislation or otherwise, such transactions may be viewed as proceeds of crime under one or more of the statutes noted above, or any other applicable legislation. This could have a material adverse effect on us and, among other things, could restrict or otherwise jeopardize our ability to declare or pay dividends or effect other distributions.

We lack access to U.S. bankruptcy protections.

Because cannabis is illegal under U.S. federal law, and bankruptcy is a strictly federal proceeding, many courts have denied cannabis businesses federal bankruptcy protections, thus making it very difficult for lenders to recoup their investments in the cannabis industry in the event of a bankruptcy. If we were to seek protection from creditors pursuant to applicable bankruptcy or insolvency laws, there is no guarantee that U.S. federal bankruptcy protections would be available to our United States operations, which would have a material adverse effect on us, our lenders and other stakeholders. While state-level receivership options do exist in some states as an alternative to bankruptcy, the efficacy of these alternatives cannot be guaranteed.

We face intense competition in a rapidly developing industry by larger, vertically integrated competitors with more experience and financial resources than we have, as well as numerous smaller and/or unlicensed market participants.

We face intense competition from other companies, some of which have longer operating histories and more financial resources and marketing experience than us, and/or have vertically integrated seed-to-sale cannabis businesses. Increased competition by larger and better financed competitors could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Because we are a new entrant in the cannabis industry and our operations will initially be focused on retail cannabis sales, the competitive forces pose a greater risk to us. Additionally, because of the early stage of the industry, we face additional competition from new entrants. If the number of consumers of cannabis in the states in which we operate increases, the demand for products will increase and we expect that competition will become more intense, as current and future competitors begin to offer an increasing number of diversified products. To become and remain competitive, we will require a continued high level of investment in product acquisition, branding, marketing and sales efforts. We may not have sufficient resources to maintain these efforts in a competitive, cost-effective or timely manner, which could materially and adversely affect the business, financial condition and results of our operations.

We also face competition from illegal dispensaries and the black market that are unlicensed and unregulated, and that are selling cannabis and cannabis products, including products with higher concentrations of active ingredients, and using delivery methods that we are prohibited from offering to individuals as they are not currently permitted by U.S. state or federal law. Any inability or unwillingness of law enforcement authorities to enforce existing laws prohibiting the unlicensed cultivation and sale of cannabis and cannabis-based products could result in the perpetuation of the black market for cannabis and/or have a material adverse effect on the perception of cannabis use. Any or all these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

36

Table of Contents

THE THERAPLANT ACQUISITION

On the Closing Date (November 26, 2021), Greenrose consummated its previously announced business combination with Theraplant. The Theraplant Merger had previously been approved by a majority of Greenrose’s shareholders at a special meeting of shareholders held on October 27, 2021.

The aggregate consideration paid at the Closing to the former unit holders of Theraplant was approximately $150,000,000, comprised of $50,000,000 in Greenrose Common Stock and $100,000,000 in cash and Deferred Cash Payment as defined below, subject to customary purchase price adjustments, less an indemnity escrow in the amount of $13,000,000 (the “Escrow Amount”), which amount will be used to satisfy the difference, if any, between the estimated net working capital at closing and the final working capital at closing (as determined jointly by the buyer and the selling Theraplant security holders’ representative) as well as indemnification obligations of the selling Theraplant security holders with respect to losses arising from breaches of representations, warranties or covenants, inaccuracies or omissions with respect to certain closing statements, or taxes, costs or expenses incurred by the Company. Additionally, $700,000 of such amount was placed into dedicated accounts controlled by the SRS and the Theraplant managing members to provide a source of funds for those parties to use in administering any claims or disputes that arise post-Closing.

The Theraplant Merger Agreement provides for a Deferred Cash Payment Amount in the amount of Ten Million Dollars ($10,000,000) plus simple, non-compounding interest at the rate of nine percent (9%) per annum, payable in equal monthly installments during the first twelve months following the Closing of the Theraplant Merger. The Deferred Cash Payment Amount may, at the election of the Theraplant Steering Committee, be converted (in whole or in part and at any time or from time to time), into shares of Common Stock of Greenrose at a price per share of $10.00, subject to adjustment.

Registration Rights

In connection with the Closing, Greenrose entered into a Registration Rights Agreement (the “Theraplant Registration Rights Agreement”) with the selling stockholders of Theraplant pursuant to which Greenrose agreed that, at the request of the Majority Holders (as defined in the Theraplant Registration Rights Agreement), Greenrose will file a registration statement with the Commission covering the resale of the Registrable Securities (as defined in the Theraplant Registration Rights Agreement) requested to be included in such registration statement (the “Resale Registration Statement”), and Greenrose will use its reasonable best efforts to have the Resale Registration Statement declared effective as soon as reasonably practicable after the filing thereof. Additionally, the Holders (as defined in the Theraplant Registration Rights Agreement) will be entitled to piggyback registration rights.

The foregoing description of the Theraplant Registration Rights Agreement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the form of Theraplant Registration Rights Agreement, a copy of which is attached as Exhibit [4.1] and incorporated herein by reference.

37

Table of Contents

THE TRUE HARVEST ACQUISITION

True Harvest Acquisition

On December 31, 2021, the Company, True Harvest Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“TH Buyer”), and True Harvest, LLC, an Arizona limited liability company (“True Harvest”), entered into an amendment (“Amendment No. 3”) to the Asset Purchase Agreement dated March 12, 2021, as amended by that Amendment No. 1 to the Asset Purchase Agreement dated July 2, 2021, that certain Amendment No. 2 to the Asset Purchase Agreement dated October 28, 2021, and that certain Amendment No. 3 to the Asset Purchase Agreement dated December 31, 2021 (as it may be amended from time to time, the “Asset Purchase Agreement”), which provided for, among other things, the purchase of substantially all of True Harvest’s assets and the assumption of certain of True Harvest’s liabilities by True Harvest Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation wholly owned subsidiary of Greenrose (“TH Buyer”) (the “TH Acquisition,” and, together with the other transactions contemplated by the Asset Purchase Agreement, the “True Harvest Acquisition”). The Company had previously entered into the original Asset Purchase Agreement on March 12, 2021 to purchase of substantially all of True Harvest’s assets and assume certain of True Harvest’s liabilities by TH Buyer.

Pursuant to the amended Asset Purchase Agreement, the Company has agreed to pay aggregate consideration of $57.6 million at closing, consisting of:

•        $12.5 million in cash;

•        $23.0 million in the form of a convertible note, of which all principal and interest is payable in shares of Common Stock of the Company at a conversion price equal to the average closing price of the Common Stock over the prior thirty (30) consecutive trading days;

•        $4.6 million in assumed debt evidenced by three (3) promissory notes in favor of the Sellers; and

•        $17.5 million in shares of Common Stock of the Company.

Contingent upon True Harvest achieving a certain price point per pound of cannabis flower relative to total flower production within 36 months following the close of the transaction, Greenrose will pay additional consideration of up to $35.0 million in the form of an earnout, payable in shares of common stock of the Company.

The Company financed the True Harvest Acquisition using the proceeds of the Company’s delayed draw commitment from the Company’s existing lenders, DXR-GL HOLDINGS I, LLC, DXR-GL HOLDINGS II, LLC, and DXR-GL HOLDINGS III, LLC (collectively the “Lenders”) of Seventeen Million Dollars ($17,000,000) (the “Delayed Draw Commitment”) to fund the purchase of the True Harvest Acquisition. The loan matures on November 26, 2024 and bears an interest rate of the LIBOR plus the applicable margin of 16% per annum, subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.0%, provided that for the first 12 months after the Closing Date, interest at the rate of 8.5% per annum may be payable-in-kind and thereafter interest at the rate of 5% per annum may be payable in kind. Interest is payable on the last business day of each quarter.

Registration Rights

In connection with the consummation of the True Harvest Acquisition, Greenrose entered into a Registration Rights Agreement (the “True Harvest Registration Rights Agreement”) with the Selling Stockholders of True Harvest pursuant to which Greenrose agreed that it will file a registration statement with the Commission covering the resale of the Registrable Securities (as defined in the True Harvest Registration Rights Agreement) requested to be included in such registration statement (the “Resale Registration Statement”), and Greenrose will use its reasonable best efforts to have the Resale Registration Statement declared effective as soon as reasonably practicable after the filing thereof. Additionally, the Holders (as defined in the True Harvest Registration Rights Agreement) will be entitled to piggyback registration rights.

The foregoing description of the True Harvest Registration Rights Agreement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the form of True Harvest Registration Rights Agreement, a copy of which is attached as Exhibit 4.4 and incorporated herein by reference.

38

Table of Contents

THE GREENROSE ASSOCIATES TRANSACTION

Sponsor’s Shares

In August 2019, the Company issued 4,312,500 shares of Common Stock to our Sponsor, Greenrose Associates, LLC, our sponsor, for $25,000 in cash, at a purchase price of approximately $0.006 per share, in connection with our organization. This registration statement registers for resale one-half of the Sponsor’s Common Stock, or 2,156,250 shares of Common Stock.

From the date of initial public offering to November 26, 2021 (the date of the closing of our Business Combination with Theraplant), the Sponsor made to us certain general and administrative services, including office space, utilities and administrative support, as we may require from time to time. We paid our sponsor $10,000 per month for these services. We believe, based on rents and fees for similar services in the New York metropolitan area, that the fee charged by our sponsor is at least as favorable as we could have obtained from an unaffiliated person.

Sponsor’s Notes

On February 2, 2022, Greenrose entered into an exchange agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with Greenrose Associates LLC, the Company’s sponsor (the “Sponsor”) to convert $3,235,000 in aggregate principal amount of promissory notes and convertible notes (the “Sponsor Notes”) into (i) 685,289 shares of common stock of the Company, par value of $0.0001 per share, and (ii) 1,892,500 non-callable private warrants entitling the holder thereof to purchase one share of Common Stock at $11.50 per share for five (5) years from the date of issuance. The Sponsor Notes were non-interest bearing and did not contain a stated maturity date. The non-callable private warrants contained were issued in the form as the private warrants issued to the Company’s Sponsor and the Company’s underwriters in connection with its February, 2020 initial public offering.

In connection with the entry of the Exchange Agreement, Greenrose issued 685,289 shares of Common Stock of the Company to the Sponsor in a private placement exempt from registration pursuant to Rule 506(b) of Regulation D under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Upon the issuance of the 685,289 shares of common stock and 1,892,500 warrants of the Company, the Sponsor Notes were cancelled and are no longer outstanding.

39

Table of Contents

THE IMPERIAL AND I-BANKERS TRANSACTION

Imperial Capital

In connection with, and simultaneously with the consummation of, our initial public offering, we consummated the private placement of 88,000 units (“private units”) at a price of $10.00 per private unit and 440,000 private warrants at a price of $1.00 per private warrant. The private units and private warrants are identical to the public units and warrants sold in the initial public offering, except that the private warrants and the warrants underlying the private units are non-redeemable and may be exercised on a cashless basis, in each case so long as they continue to be held by the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees. The private units have since split into the underlying private shares of common stock and additional private warrants.

In connection with the initial public offering, Greenrose entered into a Registration Rights Agreement (the “Imperial Registration Rights Agreement”) with Imperial pursuant to which Greenrose agreed that, at the request of the Imperial will file a registration statement with the SEC covering the resale of the Registrable Securities (as defined in the Imperial Registration Rights Agreement) requested to be included in such registration statement (the “Imperial Resale Registration Statement”), and Greenrose will use its reasonable best efforts to have the Imperial Resale Registration Statement declared effective as soon as reasonably practicable after the filing thereof. Additionally, the Holders (as defined in the Imperial Registration Rights Agreement) will be entitled to piggyback registration rights.

The foregoing description of the Imperial Registration Rights Agreement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the form of Imperial Registration Rights Agreement, a copy of which is attached as Exhibit [4.2] and incorporated herein by reference.

This registration statement registers for resale all of common stock and private warrants held by Imperial.

I-Bankers

In connection with, and simultaneously with the consummation of, our initial public offering, we consummated the private placement of 22,000 units (the “private units”) at a price of $10.00 per private unit and 110,000 warrants (the “private warrants”) at a price of $1.00 per private warrant to I-Bankers Securities, Inc. (“I-Bankers”). The private units and private warrants are identical to the public units and warrants sold in the initial public offering, except that the private warrants and the warrants underlying the private units are non-redeemable and may be exercised on a cashless basis, in each case so long as they continue to be held by the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees. The private units have since split into the underlying private shares of common stock and additional private warrants.

On February 11, 2020, in connection with our initial public offering, I-Bankers entered into a joinder agreement to the Imperial Registration Rights Agreement.

This registration statement registers for resale all of common stock and private warrants held by I-Bankers.

40

Table of Contents

USE OF PROCEEDS

This prospectus relates to shares of our common stock that may be offered and sold from time to time by the Selling Stockholders. All of the common stock offered by the Selling Stockholders pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Stockholders for their own accounts. We will not receive any of the proceeds from these sales.

We expect to use any proceeds that we receive in respect of exercise of any outstanding private warrants for working capital and general corporate purposes. As of the date of this prospectus, we cannot specify with certainty all of the particular uses, and the respective amounts we may allocate to those uses, for any net proceeds we receive. Accordingly, we will retain broad discretion over the use of these proceeds.

41

Table of Contents

DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE

Our common stock is currently traded on the OTCQX under the symbol “GNRS”. Our public warrants are traded on the OTCQB under the symbol “GNRS.W,”

The actual offering price by the Selling Stockholders covered by this prospectus will be determined by prevailing market prices at the time of sale, by private transactions negotiated by the Selling Stockholders or as otherwise described in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.”

42

Table of Contents

MARKET INFORMATION FOR COMMON STOCK
AND DIVIDEND POLICY

Market Information

Our common stock and public warrants are currently traded on the OTCQX and OTCQB Markets under the symbols “GNRS” and “GNRS.W,” respectively. In February 2022, Greenrose engaged Odyssey Trust Company as its transfer agent.

Holders

As of June 8, 2022, our shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding were held of record by approximately 70 holders, and the Warrants outstanding were held of record by approximately 4 holders.

Dividend Policy

We have not paid any cash dividends on the Common Stock to date. We may retain future earnings, if any, for future operations and expansion and have no current plans to pay cash dividends for the foreseeable future. Any decision to declare and pay dividends in the future will be made at the discretion of the board of directors and will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, cash requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors that the board of directors may deem relevant. In addition, our ability to pay dividends may be limited by covenants of any future outstanding indebtedness we or our subsidiaries incur.

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

The Company’s 2021 Equity Incentive Plan, (the “Incentive Plan”) was approved by our stockholders on October 27, 2021 in connection with the Business Combination and is our only equity compensation plan. As of the date of this Prospectus, no securities under the Incentive Plan or have been issued related to the Equity Compensation Plans and no Warrants have been exercised.

43

Table of Contents

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Capitalized terms used in this section of the prospectus and not defined in this section of the prospectus have the respective meanings given to those terms as defined and included elsewhere in this prospectus. Terms specifically defined in this section have such meanings for purposes of this section of this prospectus. In particular, in this section of the filing, the term “Greenrose” or “Successor” refers to The Greenrose Holding Company, Inc. (formerly known as Greenrose Acquisition Corp). The term “Common Stock” refers to the Common Stock of Greenrose.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the year ended December 31, 2021, combine the financial statements of the acquirer, Greenrose, and the acquirees Theraplant, LLC (“Theraplant” or “Predecessor”) and True Harvest LLC (“True Harvest”) (collectively, the “Operating Companies”) giving effect to (a) the Business Combination, (b) the Financing and (c) the True Harvest Acquisition, (collectively, the “Transactions”), as if they had occurred on January 1, 2021 in respect of the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations. The acquisitions of Theraplant and True Harvest were completed on November 26, 2021 and December 31, 2021, respectively and as such, the impact of these acquisitions are reflected in the historical balance sheet and statements of operations as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

The assumptions and estimates underlying the unaudited adjustments to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements are described in the accompanying notes, which should be read in conjunction with the following included elsewhere in this prospectus:

•        the historical audited financial statements of Greenrose as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021, the three months ended March 31, 2022 and the related notes, included elsewhere in this filing;

•        Greenrose Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included elsewhere in this prospectus; and

•        Risk Factors.

See the section entitled “Prospectus Summary — Background” elsewhere in this prospectus for further background information of each of the parties in the Business Combination and the True Harvest Acquisition.

The unaudited condensed combined pro forma adjustments reflecting the consummation of the Transactions are based on certain estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions are based on information available as of the dates of these unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements and may be revised as additional information becomes available. Therefore, it is likely that the actual adjustments will differ from the pro forma adjustments, and it is possible the difference may be material. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements do not give effect to any anticipated synergies, operating efficiencies or cost savings that may be associated with the Transactions.

The following unaudited pro forma financial information is derived from our historical audited financial statements and the audited statements of operations, and reflect the impact of the Theraplant and True Harvest Acquisitions. Our Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Statement of Operations as of December 31, 2021 has been prepared assuming the Theraplant and True Harvest Acquisitions were consummated on January 1, 2021. The impact of the Transactions are fully reflected in historical unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

Description of the Transactions

The Theraplant Merger Agreement:

On March 12, 2021, Greenrose entered into the Theraplant Merger Agreement with TPT Merger Sub, Theraplant and SRS as the Selling Stockholders’ representative, pursuant to which, subject to the terms and conditions contained therein, TPT Merger Sub will merge with and into Theraplant, with Theraplant continuing as the surviving entity

44

Table of Contents

and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Greenrose. Pursuant to the Theraplant Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Theraplant Merger, each unit of Theraplant issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time will be cancelled and converted into the right to receive a pro rata portion of merger consideration (without interest), as described below. The aggregate merger consideration to be paid at the closing to the unit holders of Theraplant will be $150,000,000, comprised of $50,000,000 Common Stock (5,000,000 shares of Common Stock valued at $10 per share) and $100,000,000 in cash, subject to customary purchase price adjustments, and an indemnity escrow as described more fully in the Theraplant Merger Agreement.

On August 10, 2021, we entered into an amendment (the “Theraplant Amendment No.1”) to the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of March 12, 2021, by and among Greenrose Acquisition Corp., GNRS CT Merger Sub, LLC, Theraplant, LLC (“Theraplant”) and Shareholder Representative Services LLC (the “Merger Agreement”). Theraplant Amendment No. 1 extended the drop-dead date of the Merger Agreement to November 30, 2021. Also, the Merger Agreement was amended by restating the “Aggregate Consideration” portion to mean the aggregate amount of consideration to be paid or issued by Parent in respect of all Company Units in the sum of $100,000,000, minus the escrow amount, the expense amount, and the Managing Member Expense amount. Furthermore, aggregate consideration would now include the amount equal to the difference between the Estimated Closing New Working Capital, and the Base Net Capital. Additionally, the Aggregate Consideration would include the amount released from the Escrow and Expense Fund, the amount released from the Managing Member Expense Fund, and the Stock Consideration comprised of unregistered shares of Parent Common Stock valued at $10.00 per share payable in the aggregate amount of $50,000,000.

On November 26, 2021, we entered into an amendment (the “Theraplant Amendment No.2”) to the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of March 12, 2021, by and among Greenrose Acquisition Corp., GNRS CT Merger Sub, LLC, Theraplant, LLC (“Theraplant”) and Shareholder Representative Services LLC (the “Merger Agreement”). Theraplant Amendment No. 2 deferred cash payment (“Deferred Cash Payment”) of $10.0 million for up to twelve months following Closing plus simple interest thereon at an annual rate of 9%, payable in equal monthly installments. At the option of the seller, the Deferred Cash Payment may be converted to Greenrose Common Stock at any time at a price per share of $10 per share. Of the Deferred Cash Payment amount, $1.8 million will be reserved in a restricted cash account to reflect two months of payments.

The Financing

On the Closing Date the Company, TPT Merger Sub and Theraplant (the “Loan Parties”) entered into a senior secured credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with DXR Finance, LLC as Agent (“Agent”) and DXR-GL HOLDINGS I, LLC, DXR-GL HOLDINGS II, LLC, and DXR-GL HOLDINGS III, LLC as lenders (collectively the “Lenders”). Upon entering into the Credit Agreement and the associated loan documents and agreements described below, the Lenders provided the initial term loan (the “Initial Term Loan”) in the amount of Eighty-Eight Million Dollars ($88,000,000). Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Company may also draw upon the remaining amount of Seventeen Million Dollars ($17,000,000) (the “Delayed Draw Commitment”) upon providing at least five (5) business days prior notice to the Agent. The loans mature on November 26, 2024 and bear an interest rate of the LIBOR plus the applicable margin of 16% per annum, subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.0%, provided that for the first 12 months after the Closing Date, interest at the rate of 8.5% per annum may be payable-in-kind and thereafter interest at the rate of 5% per annum may be payable in kind. Interest is payable on the last business day of each quarter. The Credit Facility also has a $17 million delayed draw to fund future acquisitions (the “Delayed Draw”). Initial fees associated with the secured loan are 4% of the secured loan and 2% of the Delayed Draw both due at the earlier of (i) December 31, 2022 or (ii) the quarter following a specified triggering event. Further, if the Delayed Draw is made, an additional 2% fee will be payable at the later of (i) the date of funding or the earlier of (i) December 31, 2022 or (ii) the quarter following a specified triggering event. The Credit Facility consists of payment in kind (“PIK”) interest of 8.5% and cash interest of at least 8.5% per annum for the first year. After the first twelve months, PIK interest will be 5% and cash interest will be at least 12% per annum for the remaining two-year term.

The funding of the secured loan resulted in the issuance of 2.0 million warrants to the lender, to be exercisable at $0.01 per warrant or payable in cash at the option of the holder.

45

Table of Contents

Credit Agreement Amendment

In connection with the consummation of the True Harvest Acquisition, the Company and DXR Finance, LLC, as agent for the Lenders, and the Lenders entered into an amendment (“Amendment No. 1 to the Credit Agreement”) to the Company’s existing senior secured credit agreement (as amended from time to time, the “Credit Agreement”). The Delayed Draw resulted in 0.55 million warrants on the same terms and conditions issued to the lender for a total of 2.55 million warrants issued, with a modification to Floor Amount for any cash election made, and providing at least one (1) business day prior notice to the Agent to exercise the Delayed Draw Commitment.

Non-Redemption Agreement

In order to help facilitate the closing of the Business Combination, on October 20, 2021, Greenrose and YA II PN, LTD. (the “Investor”), a Cayman Islands exempt limited partnership and an affiliate of Yorkville Advisors Global, LP, entered into a Non-Redemption Agreement (the “Non-Redemption Agreement”), pursuant to which the Investor committed to purchase (collectively, the “Purchased Shares”) up to 1,000,000 shares common stock of the Company, $0.0001 par value per share, in open market transactions or in private transactions from the certain selling shareholders who are not affiliated with the Company, at a purchase price not to exceed $10.14 per share, or a combination of the foregoing.

Greenrose and the Investor have agreed that Greenrose shall issue and sell to the Investor, and the Investor shall purchase from Greenrose, for the sum of $500, an aggregate of 500,000 newly issued shares of Greenrose Common Stock (“Investor Shares”). When issued, these shares are to be subject to a lock-up and will be released based on a contractual calculation each month for six months. Any shares not released within that six-month period shall be forfeited.

Standby Equity Purchase Agreement

On October 20, 2021, Greenrose and the Investor, entered into a Standby Equity Purchase Agreement (the “Equity Purchase Agreement” or “SEPA”), whereby the Investor agreed to purchase from the Company up to $100 million of the Company’s shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Common Stock”), for a purchase price per share of 96% multiplied by the lowest daily volume weighted average price of shares during regular trading hours as reported by Bloomberg L.P. of the Company’s common stock during the three (3) consecutive trading days commencing on the advance notice date. As a commitment fee, Greenrose agreed to pay $1.0 million for access to the Equity Purchase Agreement.

The True Harvest Acquisition

On March 12, 2021, Greenrose entered into the Asset Purchase Agreement with TH Buyer and True Harvest, pursuant to which, subject to the terms and conditions contained therein, TH Buyer will purchase substantially all of the assets of True Harvest and assume certain of its liabilities. The initial consideration to be paid by the Company to True Harvest for the purchased assets will be $50,000,000, payable as follows: (i) $21,750,000 in cash; (ii) an additional $25,000,000 evidenced by a secured promissory note bearing interest at 8% per annum, which matures on the third anniversary of the closing of the asset purchase, and which is secured by the purchased assets pursuant to the terms of a security agreement between TH Buyer and True Harvest; and (iii) the assumption by TH Buyer of $3,250,000 of True Harvest’s debt.

In addition to the initial payment amount, the Company may be required to pay additional consideration to True Harvest of up to a maximum of $35,000,000 in cash contingent on the True Harvest business attaining, within thirty-six (36) months after the closing date of the asset purchase, a certain price per pound of cannabis flower as compared to total flower production, irrespective of the final form in which such flower is sold. The earnout payment, if any, would be evidenced by a promissory note which would bear interest at an annual rate of 8% per annum, would be payable in twenty-four (24) monthly installments after issuance and would be secured by the purchased assets.

On December 31, 2021, the Company, True Harvest Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“TH Buyer”), and True Harvest, LLC, an Arizona limited liability company (“True Harvest”), entered into an amendment (“Amendment No. 3”) to the Asset Purchase Agreement (as it may be amended from time to time, the “Asset Purchase Agreement”), which provides for, among other things, the purchase of substantially all of True Harvest’s assets and the assumption of certain of True Harvest’s liabilities by TH Buyer (the “TH Acquisition,” and, together with the other transactions contemplated by the Asset Purchase Agreement, the

46

Table of Contents

“True Harvest Acquisition”). The Company had previously entered into the original Asset Purchase Agreement on March 12, 2021 to purchase of substantially all of True Harvest’s assets and assume certain of True Harvest’s liabilities by TH Buyer. In connection with the True Harvest transaction, TH Buyer executed a license agreement that granted it a non-exclusive, royalty free, revocable, non-transferable license to use the “SHANGO” mark and certain other marks and logos within the State of Arizona.

The Business Combination has been accounted for and the True Harvest Acquisition has been accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting under the scope of the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Codification 805, Business Combination (“ASC 805”), in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). Under this method of accounting, Greenrose is the accounting acquiror and the purchase price has been allocated to the Operating Companies’ assets acquired and liabilities assumed with identifiable intangible assets and goodwill being recorded at consummation of the Business Combination and the True Harvest Acquisition.

Management determined that Greenrose is the accounting acquirer based on an evaluation of the following facts and circumstances:

•        Greenrose transferred cash to the respective sellers of the Operating Companies from cash on hand and the Financing and in debt financing; none of the Operating Companies transferred cash or incurred incremental liabilities in connection with the Business Combination or the True Harvest Acquisition;

•        Greenrose issued stock to certain of the sellers of the Operating Companies to effectuate the Business Combination and will issue stock to effectuate the True Harvest Acquisition; none of the Operating Companies issued equity;

•        Greenrose had a majority voting interest in the combined entity;

•        the current board of directors continues to direct the combined entity with no contemplated changes. As such, Greenrose controls the board;

•        Greenrose will hire or retain executive management of the combined business.

•        the combined entity’s name is The Greenrose Holding Company Inc.; and

•        the corporate headquarters remain that of Greenrose in New York State;

On November 26, 2021, the Company consummated the Theraplant Business Combination. Under the terms of the acquisition, the Company paid consideration of $153.0 million at close, consisting of $91.2 million in cash, $43.5 million in fair value of shares issued of the Company’s common stock, $9.6 million in the form of a convertible note, paid down $6.8 million of outstanding debt and agreed to pay an incremental $2.0 million based upon the sale of an investment and certain tax reimbursements on the date of the transaction.

On December 31, 2021, the Company closed its previously announced acquisition of the assets of Arizona-based True Harvest, LLC. Under the terms of the acquisition, The Company paid total consideration of $68.7 million, including $12.5 million in cash, $20.9 million in the form of a convertible note, and $14.4 million in fair value of shares issued of the Company’s common stock. In addition, Contingent upon True Harvest achieving a certain price point per pound of cannabis flower relative to total flower production within 36 months of the closing of the transaction, the Company will pay additional consideration of up to $35.0 million in the form of an earnout, payable in shares of common stock of the Company. The fair value of such contingent consideration was $20.9 million and is included in consideration transferred. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recorded a measurement period purchase accounting adjustment of $5.6 million reducing the contingent consideration for the True Harvest acquisition. Up to 1.1 million shares are contingently returnable to Greenrose if the Greenrose common stock price reaches $12.50 per share for 20 consecutive trading days, and the fair value of such contingently returnable shares has been determined to be $0 as of the date of the transaction.

47

Table of Contents

The Greenrose Holding Company, Inc.
UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
For the year ended December 31, 2021
(Amounts in thousands of U.S. dollars, except per share data)

 

Predecessor

 

Successor

 

True Harvest (Historical)

 

Pro Forma Transaction Adjustments

     

Combined Pro Forma

Revenues, net of discounts

 

$

23,468

 

 

$

1,927

 

 

$

17,103

 

 

$

 

     

$

42,498

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

8,055

 

 

 

973

 

 

 

8,135

 

 

 

 

     

 

17,163

 

Gross Margin

 

 

15,413

 

 

 

954

 

 

 

8,968

 

 

 

 

     

 

25,335

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Operating Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Selling, General, and Administrative

 

 

3,062

 

 

 

1,855

 

 

 

2,433

 

 

 

 

     

 

7,350

 

Transaction costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,145

 

 

2a

 

 

3,145

 

Sales and Marketing

 

 

231

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

77

 

 

 

 

     

 

318

 

Depreciation and Amortization

 

 

50

 

 

 

1,320

 

 

 

886

 

 

 

14,317

 

 

2b

 

 

16,573

 

Operating and formation costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

Total Operating Expenses:

 

 

3,343

 

 

 

3,185

 

 

 

3,396

 

 

 

17,462

 

     

 

27,386

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Income (loss) from Operations:

 

 

12,070

 

 

 

(2,231

)

 

 

5,572

 

 

 

(17,462

)

     

 

(2,051

)

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Other Income (Expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Other Income (Expense), Net

 

 

47

 

 

 

(675

)

 

 

327

 

 

 

 

     

 

(301

)

Change in Fair Value in Financial Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

11,883

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

11,883

 

Interest expense

 

 

(198

)

 

 

(1,997

)

 

 

(1,704

)

 

 

(24,705

)

 

2c

 

 

(28,604

)

Total Other Income (Expense):

 

 

(151

)

 

 

9,211

 

 

 

(1,377

)

 

 

(24,705

)

     

 

(17,022

)

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Income (Loss) Before Provision for Income Taxes:

 

 

11,919

 

 

 

6,980

 

 

 

4,195

 

 

 

(42,167

)

     

 

(19,073

)

Provision For Income Taxes

 

 

934

 

 

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,742

 

 

2d

 

 

6,714

 

Net income (loss):

 

$

10,985

 

 

$

6,942

 

 

$

4,195

 

 

$

(47,909

)

     

$

(25,787

)

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, Common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

17,585,249

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share, Common stock